Major types of land in Pakistan | Graana.com Blog


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The land is not merely soil; it is a fountain of energy flowing through a circuit of soils, plants, and animals. ~Aldo Leopold.

 

Land is one of the most important assets man can have in his lifetime. This tangible asset not only comes with multiple benefits but also allows you to gain financial freedom. As a real estate investor, you should consider investing in land in Pakistan. Trends suggest that land investment is always fruitful.

To make you more aware of the diversity in terms of land, this blog will take you through different types of Land in Pakistan that you need to know about. This information will broaden the horizons of your knowledge and enable you to make well-informed investment decisions. In short, if you are a real estate investor, this blog is for you.

To know more about Land in Pakistan, keep on reading.

 

Pros of investing in Land in Pakistan:

  • Land comes with much flexibility. Unlike houses and other buildings, you can do multiple things with your parcel of land because the choices are immense. When you buy a home, you have many limitations regarding the design and construction. However, on the contrary, you do not have to worry about these things when you buy land.
  • Land comes with affordability. As compared to houses and commercial buildings, the land is relatively on the cheaper side. If you are someone with less capital, you should consider buying a parcel of land in Pakistan.
  • If you are looking for a secure investment, the land is perfect for you. The land is one of the few assets whose price appreciates over time. So, if you are looking for a safe avenue for your hard-earned money, you should consider buying land.
  • When you buy a piece of land, you usually do not have to wait for possession. On the other hand, when you buy a house or a shop in Pakistan, there is a massive gap between purchase and possession.
  • Maintainance of Land is relatively more straightforward than the maintenance of a house or commercial property in Pakistan. You do not have to incur costs such as maintenance costs, renovation costs, etc. 

 

Types of Land in Pakistan that you need to know about:

Following is a list of the kinds of Land in Pakistan that are pretty popular among the investors and general public. 

 

Agricultural Land:

Pakistan is an agricultural country that is known across the globe for its agricultural output. The agriculture sector in Pakistan is the second largest sector of Pakistan. Agriculture accounts for about 18.9% of Pakistan’s GDP and employs about 42.3% of the labor force.

According to Wikipedia, agricultural land is the land devoted to agriculture, the systematic and controlled use of other forms of life, especially the rearing of livestock and production of crops.

 

In Pakistan, the agricultural lands are usually located on the outskirts of the city and prove to be an excellent source of investment. Most of the people in Pakistan buy farmland and lease it out to other parties. These parties grow a variety of crops and livestock on these parcels of land. At the end of the season, the party will give the owner land rent and a certain amount of profits.

 

Barren Land:

According to NASA, barren land consists of those ecosystems in which less than one-third of the area has vegetation or another cover. Generally, barren land has thin soil, sand, or rocks. Barren lands include deserts, dry salt flats, beaches, dunes, exposed stone, strip mines, quarries, and gravel pits.

In Pakistan, barren land is abundant. It is estimated that about 3.8 million acres of land in Punjab is bare, converted into a fertile ground to benefit the country. Barren Land can be turned into a source of income in no time. People can use their barren land to construct garbage management sites, parking lots, and storing facilities for big businesses and machines. With the real estate industry advancements, we can also say that barren land can act as a site for upcoming residential and commercial projects

 

Commercial Land: 

According to Wikipedia, commercial property, also called commercial real estate, investment property, or income property, is real estate intended to generate a profit, either from capital gains or rental income.

Commercial real estate is for you if you are a new investor or a seasoned investor looking for opportunities to diversify your portfolio. Commercial Land’s primary focus is 

 Big corporations, businesses, warehouses, offices, shops, hotels, etc. Commercial Land may be more miniature in size, but it is essential for the country’s economy as it attracts businesses and foreign investors. In short, it is safe to say that commercial land is full of potential and opportunity.

 

Recreational Land: 

Recreational Land in Land is used for purposes of recreation, for example, sports fields, gymnasiums, playgrounds, public parks, green areas, public beaches and swimming pools, and camping sites.

Recreational Land usually consists of vast parcels of land and is used for outdoor recreational activities. Urban areas and modern cities typically have an extensive selection of recreational land because it is being used to attract the general public. Also, recreational land is essential because it attracts foreign investment and promotes local and international tourism. In short, recreational land is being used for the enjoyment of people who use it.

 

Transport land:

As the name suggests, transport land is solely dedicated to the transportation services of a region. It includes infrastructure such as roads, airports, train stations, and subway stations. These pieces of land are essential for the country because they are a sign of development and improvement in the country and a country generates a tremendous amount of revenue from transport lands.

 

Residential Land: 

Last but not least comes residential land. It is one of the most sought-after real estate products in the world, including Pakistan. Every year, hundreds of investors invest their money into residential properties. 

The primary aim of residential land is to provide good quality living facilities to the general public. Some of the most common residential properties include single-family homes, condos, cooperatives, apartments, duplexes, flats, townhouses, penthouses, studio apartments, and multifamily residences.

In short, residential land holds impeccable value because it lays the foundation of a place that comes with all the facilities and amenities needed to live a good life. 

However, suppose you are a residential land investor in Pakistan. In that case, we suggest you research and do your due diligence on the properties you are interested in. some of the things you need to consider before investing in Land in Pakistan include accessibility to the property, the closeness to local amenities, schools, roads, transport options, hospitals, crime rate, etc. 

 

So, these are some of the types of Land in Pakistan that you need to know about. We hope this blog proved to be informational to you and will help you to make well-informed investment decisions in the future.

If you have any questions or suggestions, leave a comment in the comments section below, and we will get back to you as soon as possible.

 




Imarat Group of Companies & Graana.com secure another ICCI Achievement Award 2021 from the President of Pakistan



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One of Pakistan’s leading real estate conglomerates – Imarat Group of Companies, and Graana.com, secured the ‘Award for Excellence’ at the 4th ICCI Achievement Awards ceremony.

Chairman Imarat Group of Companies and CEO Graana.com, Mr. Shafiq Akbar, received the award from the chief guest, the President of Pakistan, Dr. Arif Alvi, at the event held at the President House Islamabad. 

This is the second award achievement of the Imarat Group of Companies. Prior to this, the group secured the ‘Leading Construction & Real Estate Group’ award in 2020.

The Islamabad Chamber of Commerce and Industries (ICCI) Awards 2021 recognised and brought to light the top-notch players in different sectors serving national economic growth.

While commenting on the achievement of winning this prestigious award, Chairman Imarat Group of Companies, Mr. Shafiq Akbar, said, “Proud moment and a huge honour as we received the ‘Award for Excellence in Business’ from President Arif Alvi on behalf of a 1500+ strong team.”

The Imarat Group shares the Government’s vision of economic growth. It is creating investment options for locals and overseas Pakistanis that will, as a result, lead to the creation of numerous job opportunities in the times to come.

Emerging as the significant disrupter of conventional real estate practices, the Imarat Group of Companies has successfully delivered profitable yet innovative real estate solutions.

Imarat group has established its nationwide presence, setting offices in major cities across Pakistan with over 1500 people tirelessly committed to embracing evolving technology to enhance their overall service delivery giving the customers all they would ever wish for.

 




How to Attract Overseas Investment in Pakistan?



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Introduction

The wheels of an economy are powered by consumption and production activities; the higher the rate of these activities, the faster the wheel spins. The economic growth in Pakistan is led by consumption, and the local production capacity is low; therefore, the country relies on importing most of its consumer goods. One reason for this is a lower level of investment in the country’s industries. The present-day government of Pakistan believes that attracting overseas investment, especially from émigré, is a viable solution for this investment issue. This blog looks into methods to attract such investment opportunities. 

The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) defines Foreign direct investment (FDI) as; “a category of investment that reflects the objective of establishing a lasting interest by a resident enterprise in one economy (direct investor) in an enterprise (direct investment enterprise) that is resident in an economy other than that of the direct investor.” 

In simpler terms, when a foreigner, be it an individual or an organisation, invests in Pakistan’s industries, it is called FDI. 

In recent years, FDI inflows in the country have increased, according to the World Investment Report 2020. The report states that Pakistan’s FDI increased from USD 1.7 billion to USD 2.2 billion in 2019. The Economic Survey of Pakistan states that “FDI in telecom during July-February FY2021 was $ 101.1 million. Telecom operators have invested an amount of $ 363.9 million during July-February FY2021.” Though Pakistan is getting considerable FDI in the telecom sectors, some other industries also need it.

Pakistan has many natural resources and a growing population where FDI can help it achieve economic growth, human capital development, and socioeconomic development. However, due to Pakistan’s selective judicial system, poor law and order situation and economic issues, investors don’t hold much confidence in the Pakistani economy. Pakistan’s economy is crippled by the energy crisis, lack of quality education, security concerns, lack of a knowledge economy, political instability, governance issues and taxation issues.

How can Pakistan Attract FDI?

Step 1: Identify target investors

Pakistan needs to identify who the investors are around the world and what they are interested in. A lot of groups around the world have money, like oil-rich Arab countries, Chinese, and transnational corporations. Most investors are spending on tech startups in our neighbourhood, and Google is a leading buyer of tech outputs in India. Pakistan needs to identify who it wants to invest in the country. The present government believes that the overseas Pakistanis are the best investors in the country, but they don’t possess pools of wealth like Arabs, or tech giants do. Pakistan should look into attracting Arab investors who invest in tech initiatives. Pakistan has good relations with all Arab countries, and it has a massive number of unemployed engineers who could find employment in incubation centres.

Step 2: Identify core competencies

Once it is decided which investors Pakistan wants, the next step is to identify its core competencies. Economic wisdom dictates that a country should focus on its core competencies—its strength—to achieve sustainable economic growth. In Pakistan’s case, agriculture has been its core competency, but economists have started to argue that the future of Pakistan is not in agriculture. Pakistan can begin by improving agriculture income and then invest that income to build a tech sector. If Pakistan succeeds, it has to make agriculture income a base for a knowledge-based and tech-related economy.  

Step 3: Create a legal and governance structure that gives investors’ confidence

Pakistan must introduce laws that make doing business easy in the country, and it needs to improve the governance situation to attract investors. Pakistan needs to make judicial processes easy and fast so that the investors are not afraid to lose money and be mistreated. In post-2008, investors were concerned about the country’s security condition and poor governance; thus, FDI declined in that period. Fortunately, the security conditions in the country have improved, but there is a need to work on building strong governance structures in the country. 

Step 4: Resolve energy crisis

Pakistan’s industries are at a standstill because of the power shortage to run its equipment. Pakistan’s energy crisis is the cause many investors avoid investing in the country’s industries. Instead of starting new dam debates, the country could utilise solar energy projects to feed its energy needs. Under the China Pakistan Economic Corridor, many energy projects will help provide the country’s energy needs. Pakistan can use this opportunity to increase the trust of investors.  

Conclusion

In a nutshell, FDI can be a golden opportunity for Pakistan to achieve sustainable economic growth. Pakistan can do so by first attracting investors in its tech sector as tech is the future. Before that, it needs to improve its agriculture sector and use that income to make the tech sector attractive for investors. It also needs to strengthen belief law and governance and resolve energy crisis issues to win investors’ trust. believe

 




Online Payment Methods in Pakistan | Graana.com Blog


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The eCommerce industry in Pakistan has evolved largely since the pandemic, affecting businesses and the market to a great extent as more and more people are opting for at-home comfort. In today’s digital era, any business or customer needs to be well informed on the online payment methods especially the ones that are operating successfully and securely in Pakistan. Although the traditional COD method still serves, Payment gateways have made a significant impact on the overall health and development of the eCommerce industry. The digital world is still amassing great momentum in the economy of the world.

And for this reason, this blog aims to discuss the payment gateways and their functions that are mostly being used in Pakistan.

“A boost of $36 billion and a 7% GDP boost by 2025 is projected in a McKinsey Global Institute report on how digital finance would be a catalyst for these projected boosts, expected to create 4 million new jobs if it should keep growing.”

A payment gateway operates like a middle-man, providing financial services to both ends that are secured and fast. People use online payment methods for e-commerce as online retailing, online shopping, online bill payment, and e-business, etc. It allows the consumers with an automatic process through their debit and credit card.

Payment getaway highly depends on the nature of your business. Other than the targeted audience, and product/service market; there are many factors that need to be taken into consideration before choosing the type of payment gateway such as, effectiveness, payment flow, simplicity, service care, mobile app, service charges, integration, and checkout process.

1. Bank Transfer:

To make a bank transfer payment, all you have to do is enter the bank name and account number of the receiver in your bank mobile app. It is the easiest and fastest transaction method.

2. Wire Transfer:

Wire transfer works by sending payments through a network to any bank in the world. It is sent from one bank to another using a SWIFT code. People from any part of the world can make financial transactions securely.

4. EasyPaisa

Easypaisa was the first digital payment in Pakistan that was launched by Telenor and Tameer Microfinance Bank in 2009. A mobile application that lets users send and receive money. The EasyPaisa application also lets you recharge mobiles, buy data bundles, do online shopping & pay utility bills. The company is the third largest and has 7.4 million users.

5. JazzCash

The telecom operator Jazz introduced JazzCash in 2012 which is also a wallet-based payment system allowing users to send/receive payments, recharge mobiles, purchase data bundles and pay utility bills. It was formerly known as MobiCash.

6. Upaisa

Upaisa was launched by the telecom operator Ufone in 2013. It is a wallet-based payment method allowing users to make online transactions, pay utility bills, and recharge mobile phones. The company also offers debit cards and all other online financial services that any bank can provide.

7. Payoneer

An online payment system that is mostly used by online businessmen and freelancers all over Pakistan. Payoneer is a debit card, which users can use to draw cash via ATM and send money into their bank accounts. At the moment, Payoneer has 4 million customers. The company offers a very low transaction fee.

8. GoLootLO

A debit card-based payment system, GoLootLo was emerged by the National Bank of Pakistan. It is an online wallet that the user must recharge to operate. Customers can only make use of this system for the retailers that are registered and offering a discount.

9. PayPak

Founded in 2016, PayPak is a national payment system that was introduced in Pakistan by 1Link under the registration of the State Bank of Pakistan to provide financial services and save inter-change costs of International Payment Schemes. Currently, there are 20 banks that are operating through this payment method. A debit card system – PayPak can be used on any ATM and POS terminal in the country.

10. MoneyGram

Moneygram is also an American money transfer company that operates in Pakistan. The money gram method is specifically used to receive payments sent from abroad. A secret code is generated at the time of transaction which is needed for the receiver to get the payment.

11. Western Union

Western Union is an American multinational company used to send and receive money. This money transfer method is used globally. All you have to do is give the receiver’s location and ID number. A small fee is to be paid to transfer money. The user can also exchange currency through the western union. It is the largest and most used company providing online transactional services in 200 countries.

12. Ria Money Transfer

Ria Money Transfer has become one of the top money transfer companies in the world, specializing in money remittance. It provides online money transfers from one location to another. Amongst Pakistan, the company operates in many other countries as well. Users can send money within or outside of Pakistan.

To send money all you have to do is provide your name, number, address, and the receiver’s phone number, along with bank details. After all the details have been given, the transaction can be made.

14. Keenu Wallet

Keenu Wallet is a digital application that works as an electronic card. Owned by Wemsol Private Limited, it lets the customers exchange money through an electronic device. To register you need to set up a profile and link your account with it. Their transaction process is equipped with the latest security feature for a safe and rewarding payment flow.

15. FonePay

Driven by Mastercard, FonePay was the first and biggest electronic payment method introduced in Pakistan offering effective and easy-to-use goods and lifestyle services for businesses.

If you are running a business, all you have to do is sign up on their website and link your bank account with their platform. Businesses can receive payments from their clients with the help of QR codes. Similarly, customers or clients can also register on their website. One of the most compelling features of FonePay is that allows the customer to use multiple bank accounts.

 

If you liked our blog, talk to us by telling us about the payment method that you find the most convenient and fast. Keep reading Graana blogs to stay ahead and informed.




Can Foreigners Own Land/Property in Pakistan?


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In Pakistan, the land is a provincial subject with different regulations administering land acquisition in each province. In general, any foreign national who has received permission from the Ministry of Interior (Federal) and the respective provincial government can acquire land within their capacity. Furthermore, if a company is incorporated in the Security and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP), a foreigner can own land.

Graana.com, in a concise manner, elaborates one of the most asked questions ‘ can foreigners own land/property in Pakistan.

 

Specifications

  • Upper Limit
    Apart from media, banking, agriculture, and airlines, the government imposes upper limits on investment.
  • Lower Limit
    There is no ‘minimum’ amount set for investment in equity ownership in all the permitted sectors.
  • Foreigners can acquire 100% foreign ownership in all sectors except for the areas mentioned in the upper limit.
  • According to the sixth clause of the Foreign Private Investment Act 1976, for promotion and protection of investment and the procedural requirements set out by the State Bank of Pakistan’s (SBP) Foreign Exchange Manual 2002, foreign investors retain the right to repatriate their funds, be it profits acquired or their dividends, in the original currency of the respective state from where the investment was made.
  • Foreigners can appoint authorised banks or dealers to conduct repatriation of profits/disinvestments proceeds/dividends through a proper banking channel.
  • Regarding portfolio investment, foreigners are required to open a Special Convertible Rupee Account (SCRA) in any local bank to extract their dividends and sales proceeds. They can invest in all securities displayed on Pakistan’s Stock Exchange.
  • As per the regulations of the SBP and SECP, foreigners can gain access to domestic borrowing as per the Debt-Equity Ratio.

 

Scope of FDI in Pakistan

Since the last decade, Pakistan has been receiving a healthy and consistent stream of foreign investment from Asia, America, Australia, Africa, and Europe. 

In July 2021, the SECP reported 1,949 registrations of new companies, with a total quantity ranging at 147,842. Within these registrations, the construction and real estate sector has topped the list.

 

Lastly, for the promotion of FDI, the government assures optimal treatment towards foreign investment. The Protection of Economic Reforms Act of 1992 and the Foreign Private Investment (Promotion & Protection) Act 1976 provide for “No Less Favourable” treatment to the foreign investors compared to the National Investors in similar circumstances. With rising trends in investment as SECP incorporates more and more companies, now is the perfect time to invest in Pakistan’s real property. 

 




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Full house Construction with grey structure and finishing

Starting From 2200/sqft with all material and labor

 Finishing Items Checklist

 

  1. Ceiling plus finishing; stylish designs as customized by professionals
  2. Electric wiring
  3. Marble or tile flooring range 
  4. Marble slabs on staircase and kitchen
  5. Metal railing on the staircase
  6. Laminate floor in dining  if required
  7. Base filling putty on walls 
  8. All doors of  Semi-solid wood ) Except main Door ( Solid Main Door )
  9. Laminate sheets backbox front UV or glazad as decided
  10. cabinet plus plasma outfit in T.V lounge as decided (laminate sheet)
  11. Kitchen back boxes of laminate sheets and front panels of solid wood also kitchen will include:-
  • Tiles on floor and wall
  • Marble slabs  
  • Chrome fitting and accessories Sonex/master as decided.
  • Hood designed with (laminate sheet front of solid wood)
  • Sink bowl stainless steel
  1. Washroom tiles range 
  2. Marble vanities 
  3. Washroom accessories
  4. Washroom accessories(
  5. Chromed taps and fittings
  6. Glass finished /extensively designed showers
  7. Fall lights on the ceiling
  8. Switchplates 
  9. Fancy wall lights 
  1. Chandelier in drawing
  2. Exterior lights/boundary wall/gate
  3. Outside marble; garage terrace, Gali.
  4. Paintwork; plastic emulsion on walls and distemper on top 
  5. Polish and elfin varnish designed finishing on panel and woodwork
  6. Outside giraffe /weather sheet
  7. Metal paint on grills & gate & railing
  8. Aluminum windows 




Home Grey Structure Construction in DHA Lahore Faisalabad Islamabad

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Home Grey Structure Construction Services

Ahmed Construction Company Lahore Offer Home Grey Structure Starting From 1350/sqft – 1450/sqft A+ Premium

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  • Quality Best Construction 
  • Material of your choice,
  • Home Building Grey Structure Complete within 4 Months 
  • No Extra and Hidden Charges for the Outside Work or Boundry wall
    Only Slab Measurements Will be Taken
  • No Extra Charges for the Windows Shades and Under Ground and Over Head Water Tank 
  • A+ Quality Material will be used for the Grey Structure items.

    Grey Structure Checklist Items

    1. Marking on the plot for the foundation

    2. Digging for the foundation as per drawings foundation specification

    3.   Termite proofing in the foundation 

    4. P.C.C ( Plain Concrete Cement ) with gravel as per drawings term

    5.    Foundation Brick Work Till DPC

    6. Seepage Treatment on the foundation 

    7. Super Structure Completion with brickwork till Lentil 

    8. Ground Floor and Frist Floor with Front and back Boundary wall

    9.  Door Frames included ( GI ) Steel 

    10. R.C.C Slab Lentil included withdrawing steel structure

    11. same as above on the First Floor Super Structure brickwork

    12. Elevation making as per 3D front View

    13. all-electric piping work underground

    14. all plumbing sewerage work as required

    15. plasterwork inside and outside of the building and house including boundary wall 

    16. boundary wall included no extra charges for the external work 

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Architects in Dha and Bahira Town Lahore

International Architectural, Design & Engineering Firm in Lahore, Pakistan

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Categories to explore

International Architectural, Design & Engineering Firm in Lahore, Pakistan

We deliver architectural projects – Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Office, Retail and Institutional. La Maison Architects & Engineers Consultancy is a multi-disciplinary engineering consulting company based in Lahore, Pakistan, driven by a passion for great design and the creation of great spaces. We implement innovative ideas across multiple services and diverse sectors.

Architectural Design

Our firm provides world-class innovative and sustainable architectural and design solutions in Pakistan and across the region. As one of today’s leading international architectural firms in Lahore and Islamabad, Karachi, Architects believes that a good design has the power to enhance the quality of an environment and enrich the quality of life. To achieve this, our team of engineering, interior design, and architectural consultants in Lahore create designs that embrace function and aesthetics, embodying beauty and imagination but fulfilling the distinctive needs of each user.

Master Planning,  Workshop Drawings,  Authority Approval,  Sight Super Vision

Engineering

Our architecture firm offers an extensive suite of services, including engineering consultancy, landscaping, interior design, and architecture consultancy and design. We have a rich and diverse portfolio of individual clients and companies in Lahore, Islamabad, and across Pakistan, as well as in other countries. We cater to residential properties, including villas and apartments, as well as commercial spaces and multi-story buildings such as offices, hotels, resorts, and restaurants, among others. Whether you want to renovate your villa in Lahore or a string of your hotels in Lahore, we can do it for you.

Why Choose our Architecture Firm

As a top architecture consultancy firm offering a complete suite of services, we provide a uniform and consistently high level of quality and professionalism in everything we do. We implement a streamlined and integrated process for on-time delivery of services, and we adopt a focused, close collaboration with clients and companies to ensure that we meet their unique specific needs. We value each and every project we take on, treating it as if it were our very own masterpiece.

Interior Design

Working together with our architectural design consultants, our in-house creative designers are the brain behind ingenious designs that go above and beyond the ordinary, transforming living spaces into functional works of art. With cohesive and seamless designs, our interior design consultants in Pakistan are able to bring out the full potential of any living space – function, space, and aesthetic-wise.

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Prospects for Climate Resilient Cities in Pakistan


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Introduction

Cities are increasingly being described with words that show their most unique factor. For example, the ones based on technology use the word “smart” to denote the effective collection of data on multiple fronts for analysis and informed decision making (Thales, 2021). Alternatively, words like livable, healthy, sustainable, adaptable, carbon-neutral, and inclusive are also used in their respective contexts; however, each different type has its limitations which make it lacking in some regard. Therefore, a more accurate measure of a city’s success can be how good that city is to live in. Using this metric, a city’s administration can focus on the needs of its residents and introduce relevant mechanisms that ensure the highest standard of living.  Considering the fast-paced development of the modern world, it can be seen that most people want to work and live in urban cities (Lumen, 2021). However, with a massive influx of people coming into cities, it has become increasingly challenging to manage and provide urban infrastructure for all. Continue reading to understand the factors that make a city good to live in.

 

Why Urban Living Matters

Most people in the world, if not all, want to live in an urban city. The comfort of urban life, the glamour, job opportunities, education, healthcare, and other benefits increase the charm of urban life. This makes a large number of people migrate from rural to urban areas every year. However, cities are not equipped to expand at such a rapid pace. The city administration can often not provide the proper housing and infrastructure to such people, quickly fading the charm of urban life. Still, economic opportunity makes people live in informal settlements with little to non-existent municipal amenities and services. These people are mostly the lower to lower-middle income class and are a necessary part of many of the city’s functions. Coupled with a high growth rate of population, cities continue to experience challenges of pollution, traffic, garbage disposal, poverty, increasing crime, distance from nature, and so on. All these factors complicate living standards for urban residents and make adopting one single solution problematic for solving all problems. Cities have already started implementing sensors and data collection devices in multiple departments and infrastructure development to understand these problems better and formulate an effective strategy for making data-driven decisions. Another important step taken by cities comes in the form of sustainable development of infrastructure. Development materials with a low-carbon footprint and high efficiency in cost and supply chain are used to ensure that the environmental impact of construction is reduced to the lowest possible rate. However, there lies an opportunity cost in every development choice, and integration of technology and sustainable practices do not always translate into a better living experience for all segments of society.

 

Principles for Better Cities

Four fundamental principles enable a city to become better. Cities should consider the requirements and needs of their residents and how bringing changes will impact the demographics and infrastructure over time. The four principles to ensure an optimum lifestyle are ecology, economy, politics, and culture. Cities should have a deep and integrated relationship with nature. This principle enhances focus on renewable energy, cleaner waterways, increased green cover, urban forests, dedicated non-motorist vehicle lanes, priority to the public over personal transport, proper waste management, solid waste disposal, community food gardens, and many other aspects. The second principle is related to the economy of a city. A city’s economy should be organised and focused on social needs and goals. Therefore, a shift must be made in focus from global to the local or regional economy. There should also be steps to lower the consumption of products that are not produced locally or regionally and must be imported. Workplaces must also be brought closer to residential communities so that the demand for public transport is reduced. By ensuring that the principle of economy is kept in consideration, cities can also attract professionals and foreign tourists for more progressive growth (Ecocity World Summit, 2021).

The third principle for cities to become effective is to pay attention to politics. City administration should have an enhanced emphasis on public engagement and negotiation in all key city developments. If communities are democratically engaged in the decision-making process of the city’s future, they can better adapt to the changes. Changes in land acquisition laws over time can have a profound impact on the wealth of individuals. This area must also be decided on, keeping into consideration the interests of the city’s residents. This will also create a sense of equity and justice among city inhabitants, ultimately allowing for a greater acceptance of the law. Non-profit government functions, philanthropic organisations, communication, education, and other services must also be subsidised as much as possible. The last principle for creating better cities is actively developing culture and treating it as an ongoing process. Culture can be used in many ways to deal with uncomfortable situations of identity and differences. There should be an active area for cultural performances, exchanges, and interactions in residential and commercial facilities that push for gender equality in all aspects of life. Museums and culture centres highlight the development of a society over time and close the gap between development and cultural traditions for the younger generations (Choudhry, 2021).

 

Conclusion

A good city design and planning must consider socio-ecological balance, creative response, and reducing the planet’s resources. Change should not be made just for the sake of change or development; rather, practical aspects of those changes must be deliberated on by all the involved stakeholders to respect the unique demands and requirements of all groups. This will allow for greater coherence among the nature, environment, and inhabitants of cities, leading to a change in thinking around good towns. A good town would not be good only to humans but the entire planet, endeavouring for sustainable, healthy, compassionate, and happy living.

 




The Need for Eco-Sustainable Construction in Pakistan


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People usually possess the notion that adopting a green lifestyle is a costly investment. However, this is a massive misconception, and quite frankly, there are several economic adjustments one can adopt to minimize your carbon footprint. If you ever decide to go green, you need to inhabit eco-friendly ways at many levels starting from daily activities such as cooking and cleaning to home improvements tasks or even when you plan on building a new home. So, if you want to learn how you can build a beautiful yet eco-friendly home, keep reading!

The Need For Action

Currently, Pakistan is dealing with the worst energy crisis, resulting in public inconvenience and unrest, ultimately slowing down its economic activity.

Pakistan is amidst one of the worst energy crises in its history, which cause public unrest and slows down its economic activity. The escalation of population parallel to climate change, natural disasters, and global energy leads to alarming concerns about the upcoming energy supply in Pakistan. Today, the power shortage crossovers 6000 MW being exacerbated by the excessive dependence on furnace oil.

Initiatives Taken So Far

After many years of irresponsible usage of non-renewable energy resources and creating havoc in the shape of global warming, pollution, acid rain, we have taken an initiative to strive to restrict the excessive usage of energy resources to decrease the negative impacts.

The Building and Construction Improvement Program (BACIP), also recognized internationally by the World Bank and the World Habitat Award, caters to the social-economic issues in Pakistan and provides environmentally-friendly solutions. With the help of a grant from the US Environmental Protection Agency, BACIP has presented 60 different household technologies and improvements to the residents of Northern Areas and Chitral, developing a well-maintained market between local manufacturers and users.

These affordable products comprising fuel-efficient stoves, energy housing insulation, water warming facilities, etc., assist in improving air quality, health, and the lifestyles of individuals while conserving energy and saving trees. This program is beneficial to over 15,000 houses in Pakistan.

The Need For Green Buildings

Green buildings being a huge trend in many developing countries. These buildings are site-specific and designed appropriately. It corporates efficient water and energy technologies, recycled and renewable building materials, therefore, minimizing the negative impact on the environment. Moreover, green building reduces wastage and demolition debris, efficient air quality, and is easier to maintain. The US Green Building has initiated LEED, also known as Leadership in Energy in Environment Design ratings to validate green buildings as Gold, Platinum, Silver, and certified rakings, with Platinum holding the highest rank.

Generally speaking, initial building costs incorporating green products and ways is equivalent to the current building practices. However, in some cases, green building material may cost more. Still, on the other hand, several green building methods are low in cost compared to traditional building methods keeping in view the lifestyle costs. For example, a building operated on solar energy will cost more than a non-solar building. But if long-term costs are calculated, the solar building would be a wise investment.

On the contrary, considering the non-solar building, more money will be spent on operational and maintenance costs if a building is heated or cooled by the energy-driven from fuel, fossil fuel comparative to a building heated by solar energy. Even today, in buildings, there is potential for renovation to incorporate green building technologies and methods. For instance, an un-insulated building could be retrofitted with insulation and several other conservation methods to enhance comfortable conditions within the building, thus reducing energy consumed for heating and cooling.

The building consumes about 40% of the world’s total energy globally. Though energy use is an imperative factor, green building materials and methods are also crucial. This not only promotes a healthy indoor environment but also limits the negative influence on the environment. Many buildings eradicate VOC- volatile organic compounds; insulation, caulking, plywood stains, lacquers, and sealers comprise formaldehyde, a carcinogen. As an alternative, materials that are zero VOC or containing low VOC should be used.

Carpets are not a good choice for green buildings. As a substitute, cork and bamboo flooring, bare-colored concrete floors, and linoleum sheet flooring are eco-friendly options. Sandstone and slate floors are better than marble flooring or granite since they require deep scarring and quarrying of the earth. Ceramic tiles are chemically inert and recyclable. Furthermore, glass also requires a lot of energy to manufacture, but recycled glass is a good option. Broken pieces of glass could also be used to make terrazzo floors.

The use of steel in buildings is both good and bad. The mining of iron ore is highly destructive to the environment. On the other hand, steel requires a large amount of energy to produce and transport. But steel is also a durable and highly sustainable material that requires less maintenance and is highly recyclable and chemically inert.

Bricks also need a lot of energy to be manufactured and transported to the construction site but again require less maintenance, are recyclable, and inert. Green roofs are great alternatives to bare roofs in an urban setup. He helps insulate the roof, filter the water, prevent roof damage and absorbs pollution, and extend the roof’s overall life.

Energy used for lighting, heating, and cooling eats up a large portion of the energy used in buildings and is taken from non-renewable resources. In Pakistan, the consumption of domestic electricity is about 45% of the total electricity generation. Pakistan needs 19500 MWMW of electricity generating capacity to function properly. The expected shortfall for this year would be approximately 4000 MW of electricity.  Incorporating green building methods and substitute renewable resources to supply power to the buildings and practicing energy-saving methods will conserve energy; reducing energy use. To name a few, a building could use wind energy, passive solar strategies, earth berms, rood ponds, natural and induced ventilation, LED lighting technology, green roofs, cool roofs, photovoltaic cells, and xeriscaping.

Oil, gas, and many other non-renewable resources are quick to run out quickly even though their current use creates many pollution problems, degradation of the environment, and global warming. The use of energy-reducing and comfort-inducing techniques in some buildings is sustainable and goes a long way for comfort and lighting in Pakistan. Using greenhouse materials and methods, we can build a healthy, non-toxic environment. Solar, wind, and other resources are the future, which is why we need a course correction to switch from non-renewable resources to renewable energy sources.

Conclusion

To conclude everything discussed above, the government must start a program to encourage energy reduction in buildings in terms of incentives ad rebates to the private sector that caters to such projects. Pakistan’s building energy codes should be implemented in renovating the old buildings and employing the above-discussed methods in the upcoming construction of new buildings. Moreover, including these methods in the curriculum of students will create awareness among students. There should also be campaigns and seminars that discuss these factors to make people aware of this field. By doing so, individuals will come forward to create a future by adopting a green lifestyle. Hence, incorporating these methods in creating top eco-friendly buildings as a natural and internalized ethic would promote reduced energy use.

 




The Dilemma of Kachi Abadis in Pakistan


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According to the World Bank’s development indicators, in Pakistan, 40.1% of its population was reported to reside in slum areas as of 2018. 

The word ‘Kachi Abadi’, also known as ‘slums’, can be associated with three types of settlements; slums, informal settlements, and squatter settlements.  The only difference between these terms exists based on the lack of specific properties;

  • A ‘squatter settlement’ lacks a proper land tenure. 
  • An ‘informal settlement’ lacks ‘formal’ control of land use and planning.
  • The most widely used term, ‘slum’, lacks basic resources of life.

The Abadis are a common sight in the urban cities of Pakistan, brimming with poverty and lack of basic resources. The world’s largest slum – Orangi Town, is located in Karachi, with around 2,400,000 residents alone. 

The word ‘slum’ first emerged in the 19th century in London to designate a lowly part of town or a room of low repute. Over the years, the definition has evolved systematically. According to the United Nations (UN) definition, a slum is a ‘contiguous settlement’ lacking basic services and adequate housing infrastructure. They are often not legally recognised by the official authorities as an equal part of the city. The UN further describes a slum dweller as an inhabitant lacking five necessities – strong walls, ample living space, clean drinking water, sanitation, and a secure title.

The UN’s Millennium Development Goals (MDG) incorporates the target of ‘significantly improving the life of a hundred million inhabitants of slums by 2020 in its seventh goal to ‘Ensure Environmental Sustainability’. Even if the lives of 200 million slum dwellers’ improved, at the same time, around another wave of 100 million slum dwellers have entered the slums regime, according to the data released by the UN.

 

Contributing Factors to the Emergence of Urban Slums:

Slums do not emerge on their own but are an outcome of varying economic, social, and often political forces. Following are listed some leading causes that foster slums and informal settlements in Pakistan.

 

High Rate of Urbanisation

In Pakistan, cities are expanding rapidly, with 37.1% of its total population residing in cities. The increasing rural to urban migration in search of economic opportunities contributes to the emergence of slums as high urban density pushes the population to the poorer sections of the cities.

 

Urbanisation of Poverty

The result of rapid rural-urban migration causes a phenomenon called ‘urbanisation of poverty whereby poverty shifts from the rural areas to the urban centres in search of employment opportunities.

 

Lack of Affordable Housing

When housing is not planned efficiently to cater to the affordability of the lower-middle and lower classes, slums areas tend to multiply as the impoverished residents move to low-cost, congested, and deteriorated regions of the city.

 

Informal Economy

In Pakistan, around 68.1% of the labour force is employed in the informal sector. The stem of this informal labour force arises from cities’ slums or informal settlements. They are an integral part of the city’s economy as they are active sources of cheap labour and daily wagers.

 

Lack of secure tenure/titles

When the informal settlements do not retain secure tenure, there is no incentive or opportunities to enhance the living conditions. Without secure tenure, livelihood opportunities and public services are often inaccessible. Due to lack of formal oversight, slums fall victim to rapid urban decay and degradation of living standards.

 

Social Inequality

The phenomena of social exclusion, economic inequality, lack of essential services, lack of education and health facilities, and marginalisation of minorities readily contribute to slums’ affluence. One definition of slums by Cities Alliance Action Plan states that slums are ‘neglected’ portions of societies where housing conditions and living standards are highly impoverished.

 

Poor Land Use Planning

Slums are a literal manifestation of poor land-use planning in urban areas. They are characterised by a lack of zonal oversight and enforcement of land use regulations. In Pakistan, corruption in land use is highly prevalent, marked with illegal construction and land mafias that resist any effort to redevelop or eradicate slums.

 

Urban Renewal

Urban renewal is mostly an unfounded concept in Pakistan’s urban planning. Urban renewals are state-authorized redevelopment programs that renovate areas suffering from urban decay, economic downturn, or lack of security. Contrarily, urban renewal programs targeted at introducing new housing societies or hosting events often are the cause of eviction of slums, whereby large proportions of slum dwellers have no choice but to relocate to more deteriorated areas that are farther away from economic centres. 

 

Population Growth

Pakistan’s population growth rate in 2020 was estimated to be 1.98%. When the population rate is so high, it outpaces the rate at which affordable housing is being constructed. This significantly hampers the dynamics of livelihood opportunities, and people are forced to find a home in poverty-stricken areas.

 

Job Opportunities

Comparative to rural areas, cities offer a versatile plethora of job opportunities, a higher spirit of entrepreneurship, and a booming services sector. There is also a greater demand for cheap labour and daily wagers. These dynamics attract the rural inhabitants who pursue these opportunities to elevate their earnings and utilise the more significant social mobility to walk up the ladder of social classes.

 

Slums and the Poverty Trap

Slums are marked by intergenerational poverty as the entire households are subjected to financial and socio-economic burdens. The exposure to recurrent diseases, lack of access to public facilities, low-paid jobs, and perpetual poverty traps the inhabitants in a cycle of poverty that is hard to escape. The areas lack educational and proper vocational opportunities that entrap the future of the youngsters. The only job opportunities available for them are part of the informal economy, consisting of daily wages, cheap labour, and low incomes. With the lack of essential services, their cost of living tends to increase, coupled with difficulty in access to water, dependency on gas cylinders, and lack of electricity. Hence, as the conditions of slums continue to aggravate, it entangles more and more inhabitants into its poverty trap.

 

Given these constricting factors, it is high time that urban planning in Pakistan shifts its attention specifically towards the emancipation of the slum areas and devises efficient land-use policies to counter urban decay and informal settlements.

 

 




Online earning in Pakistan without investment | Graana.com Blog


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Are you looking for a way to earn extra income on the side?

Are you someone who wants to make a living from the comfort of your house?

If your answer is yes, then this blog is for you.

There is a famous saying by Jim Rohn – an entrepreneur, author, and motivational speaker. He says, “Formal education will make you a living; self-education will make you a fortune.” 

If you have creative skills, use them and earn thousands of rupees every month.  If you are blessed to have any knowledge, skills, or abilities, turn them into stable income streams. In this blog, we will walk you through a list of online earning in Pakistan without investment.

So, let’s get started.

Fiverr:

The first website on our list is Fiverr. It is an online marketplace where different buyers and sellers sign up and get the work done. There is a massive database of sellers on Fiverr from around the world. There are writers, designers, digital experts, etc., who will do the tasks for a certain amount of money. Different buyers come to the website and outsource their operations to these freelancers. Freelancers in Pakistan help companies to cut down their expenses by outsourcing their operations. 

If you are good at something, sign up at Fiverr and start earning today. The signup process is straightforward, and you can complete it within minutes. After signing up, you have to create a gig (service) on your profile and send buyer requests. You can make multiple gigs on the website. Do not forget to make your gig professional with all the necessary details, such as the service details, delivery time, revisions and pricing. 

You can easily earn a minimum of $5 per project. It can be blog posting, SEO related tasks, accounting, virtual assistance etc. The money earned by the sellers can be withdrawn from different online payment channels such as Payoneer. When the funds arrive in the Payoneer account, you can withdraw them to your local Bank account.

Some of the categories covered by the website include:

  • Graphics & Design
  • Digital Marketing
  • Writing & Translation
  • Video & Animation
  • Music & Audio
  • Programming & Tech
  • Data
  • Business
  • Lifestyle

Website: Fiverr

Upwork:

Upwork was previously known as Odesk. It is an American freelancing platform where buyers and sellers connect to conduct business. Currently, Upwork has over eighteen million registered freelancers and five million registered clients. Also, interestingly, Three million jobs worth over USD 1Bn are posted on the website every year, making Upwork the largest freelancer marketplace in the world.

In Upwork’s business model, the client and sellers come to the platform, the client interviews the seller and choose the one he thinks is best suited for the job. The client posts the description of the project along with the pricing. The project can have hourly as well as a fixed rate, depending on the nature of the project. 

Different sellers bid on the project. The client may invite specific freelancers to apply or post the job for any freelancer interested in applying. Sellers are chosen based on their profiles and rankings or even reaching out via chat to ask questions. When the client has selected the Freelancer, they hire that Freelancer by sending a contract with set hours, pay rate, and a deadline for the work to be completed.

To ensure transparency, clients must have an Upwork profile and be signed in to the platform to see all relevant freelancers. Freelancers can also see the ratings and job descriptions of clients who want to hire them.

Some of the areas where you can earn money on the website include:

  • Development & IT
  • Design & Creative
  • Sales & Marketing
  • Writing & Translation
  • Admin & Customer Support
  • Finance & Accounting

Website: Upwork

Freelancer:

The next online earning website in Pakistan that is on our list is Freelancer. It is an Australian freelance marketplace website, which allows potential employers to post jobs that freelancers can then bid to complete. The website was founded in 2009; its headquarters is located in Sydney, Australia, though it also has offices in Vancouver, London, Buenos Aires, Manila, and Jakarta.

Freelancer is again an online marketplace where buyers and sellers can find each other. Freelancer allows buyers to post work for registered sellers on the site who then bid for the projects. Interestingly, the online site also allows members to host and enter contests for which prize money is rewarded.

Whoever signs up on the website receives a finite number of bids which they can use to get different projects. The website also has a set of additional subscriptions based on other features and pricing models. A series of accounts are present, ranging from free versions to professional subscriptions.

The website has a specific pricing model. Freelancer takes a 10% fee, which can be reduced with a paid monthly membership, with a minimum of $5. Most of the freelancers on the website are from India, the United States, the Philippines, Pakistan and the United Kingdom. It means that freelancers in Pakistan can earn perfect money through this website. 

The top three job categories that most frequently get job requests are IT and software, 34%; design, media and architecture, 31%; and writing and content, 13%. The company has offices in Manila, Philippines; Sydney, Australia; Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; Buenos Aires, Argentina; London, United Kingdom; and Jakarta, Indonesia.

Website: Freelancer

 

99designs:

If you are a graphic designer or an art enthusiast, this website is gold for you. 99designs is a Melbourne, Australia-based company that operates a freelancer platform to connect graphic designers and clients. The company was founded in 2008 and had a United States office in Oakland, California.

Since its inception in 2008, this online earning website has brought more than one million creative projects to life for thousands of genius entrepreneurs, savvy business owners, and brands with big ideas.

There is a massive database of designers and clients on the website. If you are a customer and want to get some designs done, start by creating a simple brief to help designers understand your design needs. Every design category has flexible pricing for all budgets. Logo design starts at US$299. If you are clear about your design project, hire a designer based on your requirements and finances. Budgets vary and depend on your design needs. You can request quotes from multiple designers and negotiate the price of your project. 

If you are unclear about your design needs, you can also go to the design contests available at the site. 

Website: 99designs

 

PeoplePerHour:

PeoplePerHour is another excellent freelancing site in Pakistan. It connects clients to expert freelancers who are available to hire by the hour or project. The site provides flexibility to work when it suits you, outside the archaic 9-to-5 day, enabling people to live their work dream.

The website started its operations in 2007 with the primary goal to connect clients to freelancers and empower people to live their work dream. Since its inception, the website has been associated with over 1 million clients and freelancers and has paid over £100 million to freelancers. According to the stats, PeoplePerHour has solved over 1 million problems for businesses. Also, PeoplePerHour has paid over £100 million to the freelancer community. 

As a freelancer, become a certified freelancer by following easy steps. For that, complete an online application to join the website. Every application is reviewed and approved by the moderation team of the website to ensure quality and transparency. When the application gets approved, you will access a stream of projects from the international client community. 

Then, Build a great profile to attract potential customers. Your profile is the main asset because Clients will browse your profile when deciding who to work with on a project.

You can also personalize your profile by sharing your career experience, past work. Define your skills and tell your own story. 

Find projects that match your skill and ability, then submit a compelling proposal to win the project. Send 15 submissions per month for free; you can buy additional credit if you want to quote on more projects. Once your project is done, you can withdraw your funds from the website using different withdrawal methods.

Some of the areas where you can work are:

  • Technology & Programming
  • Writing & Translation Design
  • Digital Marketing
  • Video, Photo & Image
  • BusinessMusic & Audio
  • Marketing, Branding & Sales
  • Social Media

So, these are some of the best online earnings in Pakistan without investment. These online platforms are perfect for people who want to earn from the comfort of their homes. Go through these online earning websites in Pakistan and let us know what you think about them. 

If you have any suggestions and queries about these online earning platforms in Pakistan, let us know in the comment section below.

Website: PeoplePerHour

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