روشن اپنا گھر سکیم: گرانہ ڈاٹ کام، اسٹیٹ بینک کی دبئی میں اوورسیز پاکستانیوں کیلئے خصوصی تقریب

[ad_1]



Post Views:
5

گرانہ ڈاٹ کام نے اسٹیٹ بینک آف پاکستان (ایس بی پی) کے ہمراہ متحدہ عرب امارات میں روشن اپنا گھر اسکیم کے لانچ ایونٹ کا انعقاد کیا۔ 

تقریب دبئی کے اٹلانٹس ہوٹل میں ہوئی جس میں صدرِ پاکستان عارف علوی اور گورنر اسٹیٹ بینک رضا باقر نے خصوصی شرکت کی۔ یاد رہے کہ صدر عارف علوی دو روزہ دورے پر یو اے ای میں موجود ہیں اور اُنہوں نے دبئی ایکسپو 2020 میں پاکستانی پویلین کا باقاعدہ افتتاح بھی کیا۔ 

تقریب سے خطاب کرتے ہوئے صدر عارف علوی کا کہنا تھا کہ موجودہ حکومت ریئل اسٹیٹ سیکٹر سے مُلکی معیشت کا پہیہ چلانے اور رواں رکھنے کا ایک مصمم عزم کیے ہوئے ہے۔ اُنہوں نے کہا کہ روشن ڈیجیٹل اکاؤنٹس سے پاکستان میں ترسیلات زر پر ایک مثبت اثر پڑا اور روشن اپنا گھر اسکیم سے اب سمندر پار پاکستانی پاکستان کے ریئل اسٹیٹ سیکٹر میں بغیر کسی خوف و خطر کے سرمایہ کاری کرسکتے ہیں۔ 

گورنر اسٹیٹ بینک رضا باقر کا کہنا تھا کہ روشن اپنا گھر پروگرام سے اوورسیز پاکستانیوں کے سرمائے کے تحفظ اور شفافیت کے فروغ پر خصوصی زور دیا جارہا ہے۔ اُنہوں نے کہا کہ اس اسکیم کے تحت ریئل اسٹیٹ ہاؤسنگ میں انویسٹمنٹ میں آسانی کا رجحان ہے۔ 

اس حوالے سے اظہارِ خیال کرتے ہوئے چیئرمین امارات گروپ اور سی ای او گرانہ ڈاٹ کام شفیق اکبر نے کہا اوورسیز پاکستانی یقیناً پاکستان کا سب سے بڑا اثاثہ ہیں، روشن اپنا گھر سکیم سے اوورسیز پاکستانی مُلکی ریئل اسٹیٹ مارکیٹ میں براہِ راست حصہ لے سکتے ہیں اور روشن ڈیجیٹل بینک اکاؤنٹس سے سمندر پار پاکستانیوں کے انویسٹمنٹ پوٹینشل کا مکمل ادراک کیا جارہا ہے۔ اُنہوں نے کہا کہ روشن اپنا گھر سکیم سے سمندر پار پاکستانیوں کو بغیر کسی خوف کے سرمایہ کاری کا موقع دیا جارہا ہے۔

گروپ ڈائریکٹر گرانہ ڈاٹ کام فرحان جاوید نے کہا کہ روشن ڈیجیٹل اکاؤنٹس سے سمندر پار پاکستانیوں کو یہ بہترین موقع فراہم کیا جارہا ہے کہ وہ پاکستان کی معیشت کے فروغ میں اپنا بھرپور کردار ادا کرسکیں۔ اُنہوں نے کہا کہ ریئل اسٹیٹ سیکٹر کی ترقی میں پاکستان کی ترقی پنہاں ہے۔

یاد رہے کہ اسٹیٹ بینک آف پاکستان نے بیرونِ ملک مقیم پاکستانیوں کے لیے روشن اپنا گھر پروگرام کا حال ہی میں آغاز کیا ہے۔ اس سکیم کے تحت دنیا بھر میں موجود پاکستانی اپنے روشن ڈیجیٹل اکاؤنٹ کا استعمال کرتے ہوئے پاکستان میں کسی بھی جگہ اپنا گھر خرید سکیں گے۔ اس ضمن میں مختلف بینکوں کے ساتھ بات بھی کرلی گئی ہے جس کے نتیجے میں یہ طے پایا ہے کہ سمندر پار پاکستانیوں کو اپنے گھر کے لیے آسان شرائط پر قرضے دیے جائیں گے۔




[ad_2]

Graana.com partners with SBP to host overseas Pakistanis in Dubai

[ad_1]



Post Views:
0

Graana.com, in collaboration with the State Bank of Pakistan, hosted overseas Pakistanis at the launch event of ‘Roshan Apna Ghar Scheme’ in Dubai.

The honorable President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan graced the occasion as the chief guest of the event, which commenced after the recitation of the Holy Quran. The President will meet leading businessmen, investors, entrepreneurs, senior representatives of information technology companies, and media persons during his stay.

The President is on a two-day visit to the United Arab Emirates (UAE), where he also formally inaugurated the Pakistani pavilion at Expo 2020 Dubai. He is also scheduled to interact with members of the Pakistani community in the UAE.

The other esteemed guests of the event included Commerce Minister Abdul Razak Dawood Governor State Bank of Pakistan Mr. Reza Baqir, Deputy Governor Mr. Jameel Ahmed, President & CEO Meezan Bank – Irfan Siddiqui, President & CEO Habib Bank Limited – Muhammad Aurangzeb, President & CEO Bank Alfalah Atif Bajwa…

While addressing the event, President Arif Alvi said: “The present government is boosting the country’s economy through various initiatives, including the real estate sector. The Roshan Digital Accounts (RDA) and Roshan Apna Ghar (RAG) initiatives were introduced for the financial inclusion and facilitation of overseas Pakistan – which are one of our biggest assets, given the positive inflow of remittances.”

Taking the stage, SBP Governor Raza Baqir informed: “The government of Pakistan has taken proper measures to ensure the emphasis was being laid on the protection of capital and promotion of transparency for the overseas Pakistanis through Roshan Apna Ghar program that facilitates investment in real estate housing under this scheme.”

Expressing his views in this regard, Chairman Imarat Group and CEO Grana.com Shafiq Akbar said that Overseas Pakistanis are the biggest asset of Pakistan. And with Roshan Digital Bank Accounts, the investment potential of overseas Pakistanis is fully realized. The Pakistan government and the SBP ensure fully repatriable financial inclusion of overseas Pakistanis through RDA and RAG schemes.

Commenting on this, Director Graana.com Farhan Javed said: “Roshan Digital Accounts is a transformative opportunity for the overseas Pakistanis to play a role for the development of Pakistan’s economy – which greatly relies on the development of the real estate sector.”




[ad_2]

گھر کی ویلیو پر اثر انداز ہونے والے فیکٹرز

[ad_1]



Post Views:
1

ریئل اسٹیٹ میں پراپرٹی ویلیو متعدد فیکٹرز پر منحصر ہوتی ہے۔ کافی لوگ اسے محض ڈیمانڈ اینڈ سپلائی کا کھیل سمجھتے ہیں۔ جیسے پاکستان کو فی الحال دس ملین ہاؤسنگ یونٹس کی ضرورت ہے۔ ایک محتاط اندازے کے مطابق اگر آبادی کا حجم اسی تناسب سے بڑھتا رہا تو ہر سال اس تعداد میں 3 لاکھ ہاؤسنگ یونٹس کا مزید اضافہ ہوتا چلا جائیگا۔ یعنی سمجھنے میں آسانی کیلئے کہا جاسکتا ہے کہ ہاؤسنگ یونٹس تھوڑے ہیں اور رہائش اختیار کرنے کے خواہشمند زیادہ۔ لہٰذا ماہرین کے مطابق کوئی بھی پراپرٹی ہو، وقت کے ساتھ ساتھ اُس کی قیمت ہر حال میں بڑھے گی۔

اسی طرح سے بہت سے لوگ یہ سمجھتے ہیں کہ پراپرٹی کی ویلیو میں صرف اُس کی لوکیشن ہی کا کردار ہوتا ہے۔ وہ لوگ بطور دلیل یہ کہتے ہیں کہ اگر آپ ایک ڈیویلپ شدہ یعنی پلانڈ ایریا میں کسی پراپرٹی کے مالک ہیں تو ایک نسبتاً کم ڈیویلپ علاقے کے مقابلے میں آپ کی پراپرٹی کی قیمت آٹھ گنا تک زیادہ ہوگی۔ اس کی وجہ یہ ہے کہ کسی بھی پلانڈ کمیونٹی میں ہونے کی وجہ سے آپ کا گھر بہت سے ایسے وسائل اور سہولیات کی قربت میں ہوتا ہے جس سے غیر آباد علاقوں یا گاؤں دیہاتوں کے لوگ بہت دور ہوتے ہیں۔

آج کی تحریر اُن تمام تر فیکٹرز پر مبنی ہے کہ جن کا مکان کی مجموعی مالی لاگت پر اثر ہوسکتا ہے۔

مکان کا سائز

ریزیڈینشل ریئل اسٹیٹ میں پلاٹ سائز شاید مکان کی ویلیو کے تعین میں سب سے اہم فیکٹر ہوتا ہے۔ پاکستان میں ہاؤسنگ ڈیمانڈ دنیا میں سب سے زیادہ ہے۔ آبادی کے لحاظ سے دنیا کے اِس پانچویں بڑے مُلک میں زمین کی قیمتیں روز بہ روز بڑھتی چلی جارہی ہیں۔ گزشتہ تین سال کے پراپرٹی ٹرینڈز کا اگر بغور مطالعہ کیا جائے تو آپ پر یہ بات آشکار ہوگی کہ اب لوگ آہستہ آہستہ چھوٹے مکانات کی طرف مائل ہورہے ہیں۔ نہ صرف چھوٹے مکانات کا خیال رکھنا یعنی اُن کی صفائی ستھرائی، تزئین و آرائش کا عمل نسبتاً آسان ہوتا ہے بلکہ ان کی ری سیل ویلیو بھی زیادہ ہوتی ہے کیونکہ ریزیڈینشل ریئل اسٹیٹ کی بیشتر ڈیمانڈ مڈل کلاس افراد سی ہی آیا کرتی ہے۔

آس پاس کی سہولیات

پلانڈ کمیونٹی میں رہائش کے فوائد سے تو سب ہی آگاہ ہیں۔ ایک ترتیب یعنی مربوط پلان سے بنائے گئے گھر، کشادہ سڑکیں، یکساں ڈیزائن، اور کمرشل اور ریزیڈینشل احاطوں میں نمایاں تفریق وہ نکات ہیں جو کہ وہاں کی پراپرٹی ویلیو میں اہم کردار ادا کرتے ہیں۔ ایک پلان کے تحت تعمیر کی گئی ہاؤسنگ سوسائٹیاں دیکھنے میں ہی انتہائی بھلی اور خوبصورت لگتی ہیں۔ گھر چونکہ یکساں ڈیزائن کے ہوتے ہیں لہٰذا اُن میں لوگ من مرضی کی جمع تفریق نہیں کرسکتے۔ ایسے میں یقیناً وہ لوگ جو کہ جمالیاتی ذوق کے اظہار کو ترجیح دیتے ہیں، اُنہیں تھوڑی الجھن ضرور ہوگی کہ وہ اپنے مکان کو اپنی ہی طبیعت کے مطابق نہیں ڈھال سکتے۔ لیکن دیگر لوگ بہت سے سوچ بچار اور سرمائے کے زیاں سے بچ جاتے ہیں۔ یہاں پراپرٹی ویلیو دیگر جگہوں سے زیادہ اسی لیے ہوتی ہے کہ بنیادی ضروریات کا سامان آپ کو ایک ہی جگہ پر مل جاتا ہے، مثلاً گراسری اسٹورز، اسکول، شاپنگ سینٹرز، بینکس، ریٹیل پارکس وغیرہ ایک مخصوص احاطے میں ہی ہوتی ہیں۔ پلانڈ کمیونیٹی میں ایک امینٹی ایسی ضرور ہوتی ہے جو اُسے اسٹینڈ آؤٹ فیچر مہیا کرتی ہے۔ مثال کے طور پر کوئی لیک ویو پوائنٹ، گالف کورس، منی سینما وغیرہ۔ اس وجہ سے پلانڈ کمیونٹی کے لوگ ایک بھرپور رہائشی لائف سٹائل کے تجربے سے لطف اندوز ہوسکتے ہیں۔

لوکیشن

پراپرٹی کی قیمت کا تعین کرنے میں، کچھ لوگوں کے مطابق، لوکیشن کا کردار سب سے اہم ہے۔ ویسے اس میں کوئی دو رائے نہیں کہ لوگ کہیں بھی سرمایہ کاری کرنے سے قبل اس پراپرٹی کی لوکیشن اور آس پاس کی سہولیات کا بغور جائزہ لیتے ہیں۔ یہ پراپرٹی کہاں پر ہے، آیا یہ شہر اور تمام ضروریاتِ زندگی کے مراکز کے قریب تر ہے یا اُن سے دور، آس پاس کے علاقے آباد ہیں کہ نہیں ہیں اور آنے والے دنوں میں یہاں پر ترقیاتی منصوبوں کے کتنے آثار ہیں، یعنی ترقیاتی اداروں کی یہاں کتنی توجہ ہوگی۔ یہ وہ تمام سوال ہیں جن کا جواب اگر مثبت ہو تو پراپرٹی کی قیمت زیادہ ہوگی۔ اسی طرح سے اگر کوئی پراپرٹی شہر کے مضافاتی علاقوں میں ہے اور مرکزی علاقے میں نہیں ہے، یعنی اُس سے اسکول، کالج، اہم شاہراہیں، ہسپتال اور شاپنگ سینٹرز دور ہیں تو وہ نسبتاً سستے نرخوں میں دستیاب ہوگی۔

پراپرٹی کی کنڈیشن

قیمتوں کے تعین کے لحاظ اُس پراپرٹی کی کنڈیشن کا کردار بھی اہم ہے۔ یہاں یوز ایبل اسپیس اور ہوم سائز بھی اہم پہلو ہیں۔ کسی بھی مکان کی کنڈیشن اگر ایسی ہے کہ آپ آج قیمت کی ادائیگی کر کے کل ہی اُس میں رہائش پذیر ہوسکتے ہیں تو اس کی قیمت نسبتاً زیادہ ہوگی۔ ایسی پراپرٹی عام اصطلاح میں لیوئبل پراپرٹی کہلاتی ہے یعنی اس میں رہائش فوری طور پر اختیار کی جاسکتی ہے۔ اِس کے برعکس اگر کوئی مکان ایسا ہے کہ اس کی حالت قابلِ رہائش نہیں ہے یعنی اس میں رنويشن اور تزئین و آرائش کا کافی کام ہونا ہے تو پھر اس کی قیمت اتنی نہیں ہوگی۔

اپ گریڈیشن کا پوٹینشل

یہ ذرا تکنیکی نوعیت کا پہلو ہے جس کیلیے آپ کی دیگر تمام پوائنٹس کی نسبت ذرا زیادہ توجہ درکار ہے۔ اگر آپ ایک گھر خرید رہے ہیں اور اس گھر میں من مرضی کی اپ گریڈیشن کا پوٹینشل ہے یعنی اُس مکان کو کسی حد تک مزید بہتر بنایا جا سکتا ہے تو یہ بھی ایک اہم پہلو ہے جس کا قیمتوں کے تعین پر کافی اثر ہوتا ہے۔ اگر کسی پراپرٹی میں بہتری کی گنجائش ہی نہیں یعنی اُس میں مزید کسی تعمیر کا پوٹینشل نہیں تو خرید کنندگان اُس کی منہ مانگی قیمت ادا کرنے کو راضی نہیں ہوں گے۔ اس کے برعکس کسی پراپرٹی میں تبدیلی اور اُس پر تھوڑی بہت رقم خرچ کر کے اس کی حالت بہتر بنانے کی گنجائش ہے تو اس کی مالی ویلیو زیادہ ہوگی۔ کچھ لوگ اسی عمل کو ہاؤس فلپنگ بھی کہتے ہیں جس میں لوگ ایسی پراپرٹی خریدتے ہیں جو کہ بہترین حالت میں نہیں ہوتی۔ چونکہ ایسا گھر باقی گھروں سے کم قیمت ہوتا ہے لہٰذا سرمایہ کار یہ گھر خریدتے ہیں اور پھر اس کی نوک پلک سنوار کر اسے مارکیٹ ریٹ پر بیچ دیتے ہیں۔

مزید خبروں اور اپڈیٹس کے لیے وزٹ کیجئے گرانہ بلاگ۔




[ad_2]

MB Twin Tower Sukkur Hi-Tea Event

[ad_1]

Zameen.com and MB Twin Tower Sukkur is hosting a hi-tea at its site, behind NICVD Sukkur on 10th October, 2021, from 10 am onwards. If you are looking to invest from the rapidly growing real estate sector of Pakistan, and want to take advantage from rapid developments in Sindh, this is the event that you should mark your calendar for.

In addition to this, numerous property sales events and property launches are to be conducted throughout this month. For the latest updates, keep browsing our blog page. Let’s see what’s on offer for all the investors and genuine buyers at MB Twin Tower Sukkur Hi-Tea.

MB Twin Tower Hi-Tea

Enjoy hi-tea at MB Twin Tower and find out more about the project.
Invest now at MB Twin Tower’s apartments

The hi-tea event at MB Twin Tower Sukkur will begin at 10 am sharp for all the investors and genuine buyers. At the venue, you’ll have the chance to speak with the developers of the project, MB Builders & Developers. They’ll inform you all about the project, its location, amenities and facilities, and properties on offer where you can invest. Here, you can also explore the most convenient payment plan that works for you and your family. 

What’s even better is that at the MB Twin Tower Sukkur Hi Tea, you’ll also get a chance to avail event-only discounts! This is the primary reason for why investors visit such property events as you get first-hand information about the project and avail exclusive property discounts. What’s even better is that at Hi-Tea at MB Twin Tower you’ll also get scrumptious delicacies. This is your opportunity to learn and invest in a calm environment, where you’ll be fully catered to.

While you plan to visit the hi-tea, ensure that you abide by all the required government-issued SOP guidelines on coronavirus. While there has been a sharp decline in the number of new cases of this infectious disease, there is still a need to abide by all the SOPs – wear your mask at all times, sanitize your hands regularly, and maintain a six-feet distance from other people. We want you to stay safe and also ensure the well-being of others.

Now, let’s explore all about the MB Twin Tower Sukkur and why you should be visiting their event this weekend.

All ABout MB Twin Tower Sukkur

MB Twin Tower invites investors for hi-tea.
MB Twin Tower offers luxuriously-designed apartments

MB Twin Tower is a ground-plus-four floor apartment building that offers 2-, 3-, and 4-bedroom apartments. What is ideal about this project is its location on Main Bypass Road, Sukkur. This location offers easy access to the entire city. You can access all the main points of the city, within minutes as:

  • 3 minutes from National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases Sukkur (NICVD) 
  • 5 minutes from Sukkur Hospital 
  • 5 minutes from Ghulam Muhammad Medical College
  • 10 minutes from Scenic Shopping Mall
  • 10 minutes from Queen`s Marry School
  • 11 minutes from Public School Sukkur
  • 12 minutes from Chen Inn Hotel
  • 15 minutes from City School

Apart from facilitating easy access for all the residents which is essential for people living in metropolitan cities like Sukkur, a number of other facilities will also be available for the residents. These are:

  • High-speed elevators
  • Standby generator
  • Spacious lobby
  • Dedicated car parking spaces
  • Uninterrupted water supply

Moreover, this project has been approved by the Sindh Building and Control Authority (SBCA), whereas, the developers expect high yield on investment within two years. This coupled with the central location, and numerous facilities, will ensure your investment is safe and highly lucrative.

So, head to MB Twin Tower Sukkur Hi-tea for a fun-filled investment opportunity. Remember to abide by all the required SOP guidelines. For investors and buyers who aren’t available in Sukkur, you can find out more about the project by filling the form appearing on your right (for desktop view), and at the bottom (for mobile view).

For any queries, write to us at blog@zameen.com. Keep checking Pakistan’s largest property blog, Zameen Blog, for the latest news on the property sector.



[ad_2]

5 Things To Do On World Mental Health Day 2021

[ad_1]



Post Views:
4

Celebrating life on October 10th, 2021 – World Mental Health Day – is of utmost importance. It is essential to celebrate this day to take time out of the busy lives to appreciate the sacrifices people have made and continue to make to live a content life. Not only this, during these dull times of COVID-19, people should cling to any instances of joy and celebration they can find. These hard times are taking a toll on people’s mental health. Hence, one should slow down to reflect and learn about oneself and evaluate life. 

 

People who suffer from mental diseases are confronted not only with their symptoms but also by the stigma that surrounds their illness. Recognising the stigma associated with mental illness should be the first step toward developing awareness about this very pressing matter. 

 

One highly ingrained impediment to mental health in our country is the cultural belief system, which associates mental illness with supernatural powers, labelling it as black magic or evil spirits. In Pakistan, around 53 per cent of patients blame their illness on the influence of evil spirits. Furthermore, families frequently conceal mental illness to avoid the patient’s suffering becoming a topic of conversation in society.

 

On this day, we need to acknowledge and recognise the stigma and work together to spread awareness about it by negating the misconceptions.

 

Graana.com brings you five things to do on World Mental Health Day 2021. 

 

Learn its Significance

 

You’d often find kids asking questions regarding mental health. They have little understanding of what the word entails. They think of the day as something to celebrate. This is their way of making sense of the word. It is a great opportunity to teach kids about the importance of mental health and enlighten them about why the day is celebrated across Pakistan. It is also a good occasion to inculcate some values and expose them to the ways in which they can give back to their nation and communities to project positivity. 

 

Cleanliness Drive

 

One way to give back to the community and subsequently the nation is by taking care of the homeland. Over the years, our fellow citizens have polluted the land by throwing garbage on the streets or natural assets of Pakistan. As individuals, we all can play our part by picking one area of the communities and conducting cleanliness. If everyone cleans the spaces around them, the ripple effect will definitely bear fruit. 

 

Decorate Your Home

 

This year World Mental Health Day happens to land during times of COVID-19 and social distancing. Instead of going out for enjoyment purposes, it is best to spend time at home by planning activities. One way to do that is by decorating your home. Start off by deep cleaning your house and then slowly try spicing up nooks and corners of your home through simple touches like rearranging furniture or getting crafty by DIY-ing some projects.

 

 Quizzes

 

For older kids who are aware of the importance of mental health, you can plan quizzes to allow them to learn some psychological concepts and then apply them in real life. It will be a fun activity that will also aid in learning more about their personality. This activity will prove to be beneficial in helping them prepare for their psychology exam too.

 

Screen Light-Hearted Movies 

 

Every once in a while, it is great to watch light-hearted movies to reflect on life events and feel good about yourself. Often these movies often have an inherent public service message which is a great takeaway for kids. These make kids more sensitive to the likes of their fellow beings and allows them to take care of the people around them. 




[ad_2]

Top Tier Government Colleges In Karachi

[ad_1]

Government colleges in Karachi

Many believe that the educational system significantly improves with the introduction of private educational institutions. However, the backbone of any country’s education system is its government institutions. In Pakistan, there are a number of government colleges that are particularly famous for training young minds, in shaping the future. In major cities like Lahore and Karachi, you’ll discover that numerous leaders and influential people of today have studied at some government college. Therefore, the importance of government institutions only increases with time. Let’s now explore the best educational institutions in the country’s economic hub, Karachi. 

Government Colleges In Karachi

Karachi is known for numerous things; food, people, shopping options, infrastructural developments, colonial-style buildings, and educational institutions. It is a city that has always been the first to be introduced with modern teaching methods and producing graduates that are an asset to the society. 

For all those wanting to know all about the best government colleges in this city, this is a list especially curated for you.

BAMM PECHS College For Women

PECHS College is one of the best government colleges in Karachi

This is one of the oldest colleges in the city that has kept up with its tradition of imparting high-quality education to all female students. This college has about 4,000 students currently, and houses one of the best indoor gymnasium facilities. 

Apart from this, there are numerous degree programs for college and Undergraduate students who enroll here. This college is primarily known for its FSc and FA programs, which have produced numerous high achievers over the years.

This variety and a classified faculty ensure that BAMM PECHS College For Women keeps producing bright minds, and a promising academic results, year on year.

Address: P.E.C.H.S Block 2 Block 2 PECHS, Karachi, Karachi City, Sindh

Contact number: (0923) 4315200

Adamjee Government Science College, Karachi

Established in 1961, Adamjee Government Science College is one of the oldest and highly reputable institutions in the city. The inauguration ceremony of this college was performed by the then President of Pakistan, Field Marshal General Ayub Khan, on 30 July 1961.

Ever since the nationalization of this college in 1972, the college’s enrollment has increased exponentially as students are admitted at intermediate and undergraduate levels.

Address: Business Recorder Road, Gurumandir, Karachi

Phone: (021) 99215689

Email ID:  govt.adamjee.college@gmail.com

Government Degree College, Malir Cantt

Karachi's Government Degree College Malir is famous for its high academic standards.
Government Degree CollegeMa lir Cantt, Karachi

Government Degree College in Malir Cantt is one of the finest educational institutions. It’s one of the few colleges in Karachi that offers education to both male and female students in separate campuses. Here, students can get admission in a range of subjects: I.Com, ICS, FA, and FSC. More commonly known as Cantt College, this fine establishment is primarily known for its discipline, and high academic standards which put it amongst one of the most sought-out institutes in the city. 

Address: Bahawalpur line, Near، Cantt Bazar Cantt، Karachi, Karachi City, Sindh

Phone: (021) 99247248

St. Lawrence Government Girls Degree College

Any list of the best government colleges in Karachi will be incomplete without the mention of St. Lawrence. 

In Karachi, you’ll find a number of missionary schools and colleges, all dating back to the pre-partition time. These colleges and schools still uphold their position as one of the few government-owned schools that impart high-quality education. Of these, St. Lawrence Government Girls Degree College is one such fine institution that has produced one of the best graduates over the years.

At St. Lawrence, you’ll find numerous degree programs for undergraduate level as well as FSc and FA classes.

Address: V2HR+MXV, Jamshed Quarters Amil Colony, Karachi, Karachi City, Sindh

Phone: (021) 99231211

Government Delhi Inter Science College, Karachi

This is a college primarily for boys that offers enrollment in Pre-Engineering, Pre-Medical, and Fine Arts subjects. Over the years, students of Government Delhi Inter Science College have secured prominent positions in exams, which has helped maintain the institute’s prestige over the years. Moreover, this college understands that for students to grow into good professionals, there is a need to make them confident, well-read, and eloquent. 

For this reason, you’ll see regular debate competitions, as well as Naat and Qirat competitions being held which are attended by a large number of students. The college also boasts of a dedicated and spacious library that houses more than 13,000 books, and academic resources. With these resources, the college has established itself prominently in the government educational sector of Karachi.

Address: FB Area Block 2 Hussainabad, Karachi، Pakistan

Phone: (021) 99333056

DJ Sindh Government Science College

Founded in 1887, DJ Sindh Government Science College has produced famous leaders.
DJ Sindh Government Science College was founded in 1887.

Founded in 1887, DJ Sindh Government Science College is considered to be one of the most prestigious educational institutions in Sindh. Founded in the pre-partition subcontinent, the college’s first principal was an Englishman, however, since then the college has been under the leadership of numerous heads who have set out to maintain the college’s prestige. 

Notable people like Syed Murad Ali Shah, former Chief Minister of Sindh and Ziaur Rahman, former President of Bangladesh, among many others, have all studied from this college.

In present day, DJ Sindh Government Science College offers admission in Pre-Engineering and Pre-Medical for Intermediate, whereas, at the undergraduate level, the college offers a combination of any three of the following subjects (Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Geology, Statistics, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Botany and Zoology).

Address: Dr Ziauddin Ahmed Road, Saddar Karachi, Karachi City, Sindh

Contact: (021) 99211517

These are some of the best government colleges in Karachi, a city that continues to expand. Pakistan’s education system is one of the best in the region. This year, 16 Pakistani varsities have made the list for Times Higher Education Rankings 2021. These colleges are primarily known for giving degrees in real estate education as well. Pakistani students are also prominently placed in international scholarships such as Chevening, Commonwealth, and Fulbright.  Moreover, the government has now introduced Ehsaas Education Stipends for primary and secondary school-going children in an effort to boost enrollment. 

Do you have any more government colleges that should be featured here? Write to us at blog@zameen.com. For the latest updates, keep checking Pakistan’s largest property blog, Zameen Blog.



[ad_2]

Top Features In A Garden That Will Attract Buyers | Graana.com Blog

[ad_1]


Post Views:
3

According to research, house hunters take merely 10 seconds to select or reject a house. It means you have only 10 seconds to impress your potential buyers. For that, one of the most crucial things is to improve the curb appeal of the house.

It is safe to say that many things can enhance the value of your home in a brief period. One of such factors is a beautiful and well-maintained garden. An unmade and tacky garden can badly affect the curb appeal of your house in no time. To attract potential buyers, you need to consider top features in a garden that will attract buyers. 

From proper garden fences to perfect landscaping, you need to cover all. In short, an updated and beautiful space is required to attract potential customers. 

This blog brings you a concise yet informative list of Top features in a garden that will attract buyers. To explore all these tips and tricks, keep on reading. 

 

Pros of a garden:

A garden comes with many advantages. Some of the significant benefits of having a garden in your house are:

  • It is one of the first things a potential buyer will see in the house because it adds a lot to its curb appeal. Add beautiful flowers, outdoor decor pieces and minor improvements in the garden to increase the house value. Hence, it is safe to say that a garden can increase the resale value of your house.
  • Gardens have a positive effect on your mental health. Outdoor spaces allow you to soak in vitamin D and help you to calm your nerves. You can also do exercise and yoga in the outdoor areas.
  • Research studies in the United States and other countries have found that gardening improves your mood, increases your self-esteem, reduces anxiety, and you feel less depressed. 
  • A home garden means a lot of fresh fruits, vegetables and herbs. You can turn your garden into a mini produce shop in no time. Grow your own tomatoes, celery, rosemary, mint etc.

 

Top Features In A Garden That Will Attract Buyers

Following are some of the top features in a garden that will attract buyers. 

 

Summer house:

If you want to enhance the overall look of your home, invest in a summer house. A summer house is a small building in a garden, used for sitting in during fine weather. A summer house comes with multiple benefits. 

During good weather, you can use it as a place to relax with your friends and family over a cup of coffee. You can also use the space to host summer parties, musical nights and birthdays. Also, during the summers or under extreme weather conditions, you can use the area to store gardening equipment and other items of household junk.

A summer house is a perfect combination of outdoor and indoor space where your family can retire and relax when the weather becomes pleasant, that too without entirely retreating indoors. 

A typical summer house is made from solid wood and is finished with glass windows and a proper electricity and heating system. Interestingly, a summer house can also be used as a great and cosy home office.

 

Greenhouse:

A greenhouse is a glass building in which plants that need protection from cold weather are grown. If you are fond of homegrown vegetables and herbs, a greenhouse can be your best friend. 

It is also an excellent option for people who are looking for sustainable living options. With the help of a greenhouse, you will be able to save tons of money on groceries and help in the reduction of the carbon footprint from society.

Greenhouses are specially designed for places that face severe weather conditions. It protects from the heat and cold, helping your plants to grow in a favorable environment.

 

Add water:

Small water bodies in your garden can transform its overall look in a blink. A little water feature adds significant value to your garden and helps you to attract potential customers. For example, a small pond in the garden adds a sense of tranquillity and peace to your house. If you are a pet lover, you can also use your garden pond to keep different fish.

Another great option to add water to your garden is by installing a small and pretty water fountain. A vintage fountain can add a running-water element to your pond, encouraging wildlife and creating an environment where you can relax at the end of a hectic day. 

 

Hanging baskets:

If you want to be surrounded by a wide variety of flowers and shrubs, try experimenting with hanging baskets. The hanging baskets come in all shapes, colours and sizes. Put your favourite shrubs into the hanging baskets and put them in the areas where they can receive an adequate amount of light, such as near doors.

 

Add bird feeders:

Bird feeders are a cheap yet effective way to attract different types of birds to your house. Install readymade bird feeders in the home or try to DIY one with your kids. Take old buckets and bottles, cut them, paint them and install them under trees. 

 

Add furniture:

You can add furniture to your garden to enhance its overall aura. Wooden dining sets along with swings and chairs add a luxurious element to your house. 

 

Patio:

A patio is an area outside a house with a solid floor but no roof, used in good weather for relaxing. The patio is an excellent option to connect your indoors and outdoors. The patio can act as a perfect outdoor space that can be used for dining, hanging out, and other recreational activities. If you want a simple patio, go for it but if you want a modern and sleek patio, add equipment such as outside heaters and fans, and your patio will become a perfect weather-resistant place where you can reconnect with the great outdoors.

 

Landscaped garden:

Landscape gardening is an aesthetic branch of Horticulture that deals with the planting of ornamental plants to create a picturesque effect. In other words, landscaping is a method to beautify and elevate a plain and simple garden. 

 

Many people in Pakistan do garden landscaping at a low cost. Connect with them and turn your regular garden into an epitome of art and natural beauty. A professional will ensure that every plant used suits the soil type of your house and complement the overall home. However, you need to make sure that you choose plants that are easy to maintain and grow. For instance, you might go for perennials such as hydrangeas that grow throughout the year and need less maintenance.

 

Barbeques and wood burners:

If you are fond of hosting parties and outdoor activities, you need to have BBQ places and wood burners in your house. Nothing beats a good old BBQ party in your home. Use your garden and turn it into a cosy BBQ site. A wood burner will also attract buyers that can be used to hold bonfires during winters. 

 

So, these are some of the top features in a garden that will attract buyers. These features will not improve the aura of your house, but these features will also increase the value of your property.

Give this blog a read and try to incorporate these features into your garden. If you have any other suggestions or queries, let us know in the comments section below, and we will get back to you as soon as possible.




[ad_2]

Updates On FBR Single Sales Tax Portal For Taxpayers

[ad_1]

Changes in the wake of technological advancement have revolutionized many aspects of our daily lives. Gone are the days when people had to stand in long queues in extreme weather conditions just to wait for their turn at a public office. Digitization has become an essential part of facilitating the public in a better way and switching to better governance. The Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) has also taken a step forward in the direction of technological advancements and developed a Single Sales Tax Portal for all the tax filers in Pakistan.

This blog gives a brief overview of the unified portal for sales tax along with the reasons why it was important to develop and launch such a system.

About FBR’s Single Sales Tax Portal

benefit of single sales tax portal
The single sales tax portal minimizes calculation errors by reducing the requirement of data entry

The new single sales tax portal being developed will simplify the procedure and bring people to ease in terms of filing their tax returns. What was happening till now is that the taxpayers had to file their taxes in different provinces where the business was conducted. The complexity in the process of filing monthly sales tax returns in every tax jurisdiction where the business was conducted often led to discrepancies, complications, and disputes. 

Taxpayers registered in different tax jurisdictions had to file taxes separately at FBR, Sindh Revenue Board, Punjab Revenue Authority, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Revenue Authority, and Balochistan Revenue Authority. People who conducted businesses in Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan also had to submit their returns to their respective authorities too. The whole process of filing tax returns in every province required a lot of time and effort to get things right and be compliant. 

The unified sales tax portal will now make things easier for the taxpayers while they are filing their tax returns. Making a single portal removes the hassle of filing taxes in every tax jurisdiction and eliminates the chances of complications and disputes due to jurisdiction. Furthermore, the single sales tax portal simplifies the process, minimizes calculation errors by reducing the requirement of data entry, and reduces compliance costs of the taxpayers.

The system will now automatically apportion input tax adjustments as well as the tax payments across relevant tax authorities. This not only saves time but also increases the efficiency of the department and ease of doing business. 

Benefits Of Becoming A Tax Filer

tax return filing
Filing tax returns has many benefits

Filing sales tax returns is important for everyone who is registered under the Sales Act 1990 or Federal Excise Act 2005. Individuals earning more than a specific amount are required to file their income tax returns. Once a person becomes a filer, a national tax number (NTN) is allotted to them by the government and through that number, the FBR knows if you are an active taxpayer.

While this is mandatory for the people who fulfill the criteria, it is also beneficial for them. As an incentive to the taxpayers, there are different reliefs a person can enjoy if they actively file their returns on an annual basis. Let’s briefly explore these benefits of becoming a tax filer in Pakistan. All these benefits mentioned below are in comparison to the non-filers.

  • Withholding tax cuts down to half
  • Tax filers can own property of value below, equivalent and above PKR 5 million whereas non-filers can only buy up to PKR 5 million in value
  • The tax to be paid on imports of raw materials reduces significantly for the taxpayers
  • Tax charges on dividends received are significantly lower
  • An overpaid tax that has been withheld can be claimed
  • Low rate of tax on buying and selling of property

This brings us to the end of this blog. For more updates on new taxation and governing laws in Pakistan, keep following Zameen Blog.



[ad_2]

Zameen Property Sales Event (PSE) In Lahore—October 2021

[ad_1]

Get ready for yet another property gala in Lahore. For the third time in the last four months, the Zameen Property Sales Event is returning to Lahore with tailor-made property solutions for everyone.

PSE Lahore is scheduled to be held on Sunday, Oct. 10, 2021, from 10 AM to 7 PM. The event will be held at Cultural Hall, PC Hotel Lahore where guests can visit without any entry fee.

As per the government guidelines, strict COVID-19 SOPs will be followed and entry without a face mask will not be allowed. Moreover, it is requested to practise social distancing at the venue. Please note children will not be allowed at the venue.

More About Zameen Property Sales Event In Lahore

pse lahore invitation
Invitation of PSE Lahore

Zameen.com offers a diverse range of real estate solutions. At these events, we help bring all stakeholders on one platform.

At PSE Lahore, you’ll come across projects by Zameen Developments, which is the real estate development arm of the Emerging Markets Property Group (EMPG). Some of the projects of Zameen Developments that will participate in the upcoming Property Sales Event in Lahore are Zameen Aurum, Zameen Opal and Zameen Quadrangle.

This blog covers a limited number of projects that will be participating in PSE Lahore but, rest assured, the list doesn’t end here.

3 Jays Tower

Gulberg is the place where all of Lahore comes for shopping and dining. The commercial hub is also home to an under-construction high-rise building, 3 Jays Tower, which can be rightly termed as the next go-to place in Gulberg for entertainment and leisure. Developed over an area of four kanals, the project is loaded with facilities and amenities for the convenience of its visitors and customers. Property experts have estimated 3 Jays Tower’s expected annual rental yield to be at 7% on its commercial outlets. 

Amanah Noor Residence

Amanah Noor Residence is a project of renowned developers, Amanah Estates. It is located in Wapda Town that offers studio, 1- and 2-bedroom apartments at affordable prices and a convenient payment plan. Amanah Noor Residence is a perfect opportunity for people who are looking to buy a new house at affordable pricing that comes with modern amenities like a rooftop garden with a BBQ area, café, fitness centre, sauna, swimming pool and special benefits at Amanah Mall for the residents.

Residence 15

Featuring a magnificent façade, Residence 15 is located in Gulberg 3 Block L surrounded by all the amenities and facilities that one can imagine to live an opulent and luxurious life. The apartment complex comprises 15-floors and has only a limited number of apartments. The project is also registered with the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) giving investors another reason to invest in this project. While the project offers an array of facilities and amenities to its residents, it also offers expected capital gains of 50-60% in the next three years, better than many other projects in the city.

Sitara Serene Tower

Spanning an area of eight kanals and comprising 15 floors, Sitara Serene Tower is a spectacular new project featuring hotel apartments and serviced apartments. It is located in Gulberg 3 Block D1; it’s been approved by Lahore Development Authority (LDA) and registered with the FBR. The project features such as a conference hall, shopping mall, concierge services, fitness centre and fine dining restaurant make it one of the highly facilitated projects.

Zee Avenue

hotel apartments at zee avenue
Zee Avenue features hotel apartments managed by Ramada Hotel

Zee Avenue is a mixed-use project that also features hotel apartments managed by an international hotel chain, Ramada Hotel and shopping outlets. Zee Avenue is located on Cooper Road in proximity to Mall Road, Badshahi Mosque, Punjab Assembly and Faletti’s Hotel making it a perfect project to live in. The project has been built on international standards of construction and is available on a monthly instalment plan.

Signature By Icon

Signature By Icon presents a unique opportunity for buyers and investors; the developer is offering payment in five years and possession in two and half years option. The project is located in the upcoming residential hub of Lahore on Raiwind Road making it easily accessible from different areas. Signature By Icon enjoys close access to Lahore Ring Road and M-2 Motorway. It is being developed by Icon Valley Developers, who have successfully and timely delivered different projects.

18-J Mukhbateen Heights

18-J Mukhbateen Heights offers unique features. The mixed-use project is offering commercial units and residential units of 1- and 2-bedrooms that come with the option of furnishing. The 10-storey tall building boasts a sophisticated and durable structure equipped with facilities that will make the lives of its future residents lavish, comfortable and convenient that can be acquired at an instalment plan of 36 months.

18-j mukhbateen heights
18-J Mukhbateen Heights is a 10-storey tall mixed-use project

J Mall

Luxurious in a true sense, J Mall is a highly facilitated mixed-use project that offers well-furnished apartments and retail outlets to match your living standards. The 1- and 2-bedroom luxury apartments are designed to provide breathtaking views of the city from the balcony of your own home. The project is designed and built to offer something for everyone which is why kids and adults both can have quality time in a refreshing environment. The project is nearing its completion stage and offering furnished residential units and commercial outlets at a 1-year instalment plan with monthly and quarterly payments.  

DB 32

DB 32 is the first privately-owned high-rise project of DHA Lahore being developed in DHA’s corporate and commercial HUB. Being developed over an area of four Kanal, the project features hotel apartments operated and managed by a famous international hotel chain, Swiss International Hotels & Resorts. This guarantees the elevated lifestyle one can adopt here by living in a resort-like setting within the city surrounded by a mix of facilities, including a roof-top restaurant, cigar lounge, spa and sauna. The investment in this project is predicted to be highly lucrative by the property experts since its expected annual rental yield is 10% and capital gains are projected at 5%.

Projects of other renowned developers will also be participating at PSE Lahore and you can anticipate a wide range of property options to choose from to expand your portfolio. Other projects, but not limited to these, include Al Hayat Residencia, City Star Shopping Centre, Defence Raya, Dream Gardens, Grand Square Mall, Signature By Icon, Pace Circle and Residence 15.

We hope to see you on Oct. 10, 2021. Stay tuned to Zameen Blog for more updates and new real estate investment options in Pakistan. If you have any queries or feedback, you can write to us at blog@zameen.com. 



[ad_2]

Optimising Real Estate Efforts through Social Media

[ad_1]



Post Views:
2

In a similar way, one of the attributes of success that can be linked to the various accomplishments of real estate is the use of social media. The revolution in electronics gave rise to handheld devices, which brought transformation in communication patterns. With the passage of time, the transformation in technology opened the gateways of social media, which have increased connectivity, unlike anything. Behind the success of e-commerce, there is a significant role of social media which has provided numerous opportunities to the new entrepreneurs which have used to their benefit.

Graana.com highlights how social media can be utilised to the optimum to increase outreach and explore new business opportunities in the real estate sector. Graana.com -Pakistan’s first online real estate marketplace has been exploring new channels on social media, which have helped transform the real estate sector and provide the most authentic services across Pakistan.

In the following ways, can social media prove beneficial for boosting the real estate business

 

Work on Content

The first and foremost thing to do while using social media to increase the real estate business is by developing content that is in line with the company’s objectives and catches the people’s attention. While surfing on social media, people spend most of their time for leisure purposes; therefore, content should be appropriate at first sight to gain people’s attention. It is pertinent to mention that the results will not be immediate; instead, an enterprise will have to raise awareness about its brand before attaining the maximum heights. Therefore, one should try that every post on social media should count.

 

Keeping Content and Services Uniform

A million users exhaust social media apps every day. The content that is being circulated and used by various pages has varying dimensions and offers different services. In all this resonance, for making your real estate brand stand out among the other competitors, one should keep its services and content uniform. The case may vary in some instances; however, this formula should be adopted in most cases. If it suits the brands’ objective, a person can engage the same fraternity members in order to make the most out of a situation. Engaging with the community on social media can help you out in understanding the thoughts of people.

 

Know your Audience

While using social media as a tool for increasing real estate outreach, a person should know its audience. If the target audience is not interested in availing of the real estate service, all of the efforts will go in vain. Therefore, one should have a comprehensive idea of reaching its audience so that maximum benefits can be reaped while posting on social media. Clients are never easy to attract; with proper social media strategy in place and know-how of the client’s need, social media can be one of the best platforms for enhancing your business activities.

 

Sharing Blog Post

The social media platform is not only about selling; there are diverse ways in the service-specific fraternity can be attracted, and one of the ways it can be done is by posting blogs relevant to the services. People love reading, and the blog posts can help put a strong case that a service provider has a keen eye on the latest happening and has strong expertise in the field. An added advantage that this strategy offers is that potential clients and people from diverse fields and backgrounds can be attracted to your posts, which can help create a lasting impact.

 

Pay for Ads

This is among the last steps of the whole procedure in which a person should pay for its ads once the real estate brand has been established. Various social media platforms offer the unique features of posting ads, becoming a major tool for attracting clients and increasing outreach. This will not only increase the credibility of the brand but will also establish its authenticity. Furthermore, this will also help the audience to identify the brand quickly. Managing financial resources is a key to generating successful ad campaigns. 

 




[ad_2]

Optimising Real Estate Efforts through Social Media

[ad_1]



Post Views:
2

In a similar way, one of the attributes of success that can be linked to the various accomplishments of real estate is the use of social media. The revolution in electronics gave rise to handheld devices, which brought transformation in communication patterns. With the passage of time, the transformation in technology opened the gateways of social media, which have increased connectivity, unlike anything. Behind the success of e-commerce, there is a significant role of social media which has provided numerous opportunities to the new entrepreneurs which have used to their benefit.

Graana.com highlights how social media can be utilised to the optimum to increase outreach and explore new business opportunities in the real estate sector. Graana.com -Pakistan’s first online real estate marketplace has been exploring new channels on social media, which have helped transform the real estate sector and provide the most authentic services across Pakistan.

In the following ways, can social media prove beneficial for boosting the real estate business

 

Work on Content

The first and foremost thing to do while using social media to increase the real estate business is by developing content that is in line with the company’s objectives and catches the people’s attention. While surfing on social media, people spend most of their time for leisure purposes; therefore, content should be appropriate at first sight to gain people’s attention. It is pertinent to mention that the results will not be immediate; instead, an enterprise will have to raise awareness about its brand before attaining the maximum heights. Therefore, one should try that every post on social media should count.

 

Keeping Content and Services Uniform

A million users exhaust social media apps every day. The content that is being circulated and used by various pages has varying dimensions and offers different services. In all this resonance, for making your real estate brand stand out among the other competitors, one should keep its services and content uniform. The case may vary in some instances; however, this formula should be adopted in most cases. If it suits the brands’ objective, a person can engage the same fraternity members in order to make the most out of a situation. Engaging with the community on social media can help you out in understanding the thoughts of people.

 

Know your Audience

While using social media as a tool for increasing real estate outreach, a person should know its audience. If the target audience is not interested in availing of the real estate service, all of the efforts will go in vain. Therefore, one should have a comprehensive idea of reaching its audience so that maximum benefits can be reaped while posting on social media. Clients are never easy to attract; with proper social media strategy in place and know-how of the client’s need, social media can be one of the best platforms for enhancing your business activities.

 

Sharing Blog Post

The social media platform is not only about selling; there are diverse ways in the service-specific fraternity can be attracted, and one of the ways it can be done is by posting blogs relevant to the services. People love reading, and the blog posts can help put a strong case that a service provider has a keen eye on the latest happening and has strong expertise in the field. An added advantage that this strategy offers is that potential clients and people from diverse fields and backgrounds can be attracted to your posts, which can help create a lasting impact.

 

Pay for Ads

This is among the last steps of the whole procedure in which a person should pay for its ads once the real estate brand has been established. Various social media platforms offer the unique features of posting ads, becoming a major tool for attracting clients and increasing outreach. This will not only increase the credibility of the brand but will also establish its authenticity. Furthermore, this will also help the audience to identify the brand quickly. Managing financial resources is a key to generating successful ad campaigns. 

 




[ad_2]

تعمیراتی صنعت میں فلک بوس عمارتوں کو زلزلے سے محفوظ رکھنے کے سائنسی اطوار | Graana.com Blog

[ad_1]



Post Views:
10

زلزلہ قدرتی آفات کی مختلف اقسام میں سے ایک ایسی تباہ کُن قسم ہے جس کے رونما ہونے سے دنیا بھر میں لاکھوں افراد لقمہ اجل بن چکے ہیں۔ زلزلے بنیادی طور پر زمین کی تہہ میں موجود پلیٹوں کے سرکنے کے باعث وارد ہوتے ہیں ایک دوسرا نظریہ یہ بھی ہے کہ آتش فشاں پہاڑوں کے پھٹنے سے جو آتشی مادہ زمین پر بہتہ ہے وہ بھی زمین کو ہلا کر رکھ دیتا ہے جس کی وجہ سے زلزے کی کیفیت پیدا ہو جاتی ہے اور ان علاقوں میں موجود انفرااسٹرکچر کو نقصان پہنچ سکتا ہے۔

دنیا میں سب سے زیادہ زلزلے جاپان میں آتے ہیں۔ بین الاقوامی تحقیق کے مطابق جاپان میں سالانہ 1500 کے قریب زلزلوں کے واقعات ریکارڈ کیے جاتے ہیں تاہم وہاں آنے والے زلزلوں سے ہونے والے نقصانات کا تخمینہ دیگر ممالک کی نسبت انتہائی کم رہتا ہے۔ اس کی بنیادی وجہ جاپان میں بننے والی فلک بوس عمارتوں، سڑکوں، پُل اور دیگر انفراسٹکچر کو زلزلے سے ہونے والی تباہ کاریوں سے بچاؤ کی تدابیر کو سامنے رکھ کر تعمیر کیا جاتا ہے۔

ترقی کی اس دوڑ کے تاریخی اوراق اگر پلٹ کر دیکھیں تو معلوم پڑتا ہے کہ دنیا بھر میں معاشی سرگرمیوں میں بتریج اضافے کے باعث فلک بوس عمارتوں کی تعمیر میں بھی اضافہ ہوتا چلا جا رہا ہے۔ عمومی طور پر ترقی یافتہ ممالک میں زیادہ تر عمارتوں کی اونچائی شاید ہی 50 منازل سے کم ہو بلکہ اب تو ترقی پذیر ممالک بھی بلند و بالا عمارتوں کی دوڑ میں شامل ہو گئے ہیں جہاں ترقی یافتہ ممالک کی نسبت ٹیکنالوجی اور تحقیق کا شدید فقدان پایا جاتا ہے۔

تعمیراتی صنعت میں گراں قدر ترقی کے باوجود انسان آج بھی زلزلہ سمیت دیگر قدرتی آفات سے بچاؤ کے مکمل حل کی تلاش میں بے بس نظر آتا ہے۔ ہاں یہ ضرور ہے ترقی یافتہ ممالک نے تعمیراتی صنعت میں جدید سائنسی علوم پر استوار زلزے سے بچاؤ کی کچھ ایسی تدابیر اور ٹیکنالوجی متعارف کروا دی ہیں جنھیں اختیار کرتے ہوئے زلزلے کے دوران جانی و مالی نقصانات کو کم سے کم کیا جا سکتا ہے۔

زلزلے کی صورت میں عمارتی ڈھانچے کو بنیادوں سے الگ رکھنے کی حیرانگیز ٹیکنالوجی

ترقی یافتہ ممالک میں فلک بوس عمارتوں کی تعمیر کے ابتدائی مرحلے میں ہی عمارت کی بنیادوں اور اس کے بالائی حصے کے درمیان ایسی ٹیکنالوجی کا استعمال کیا جا رہا ہے جس سے زلزلہ آنے کی صورت میں اس قدرتی آفت کی شدت مکمل طور پر عمارت کے بالائی حصے تک نہیں پہنچ پاتی یا پھر بالائی حصے میں زلزلے کے اثرات پہنچنے تک اس کی شدت انتہائی کم ہو جاتی ہے جس کی وجہ سے جانی و مالی نقصانات میں کمی لائی جا سکتی ہے۔

اس ٹیکنالوجی کے تحت عمارت کی بنیاد تعمیر ہونے کے بعد اس کے اوپر سائنسی طور پر زلزلہ برداشت کرنے کی بین الاقوامی اداروں سے تصدیق شدہ ’ربر بیئرنگ‘ کی ایک موٹی تہہ رکھی جاتی ہے۔ یہ تہہ ربر، بیئرنگ اور اسٹیل کی پلیٹوں پر مشتمل ہوتی ہے۔ اسٹیل کی پلیٹیں اس تہہ کو عمارت کی بنیادوں اور بالائی حصے سے جوڑتی ہیں۔ زلزلے کی صورت میں اس کا اثر عمارت کی بنیاد سے ہوتا ہوا صرف ربر کی تہہ تک آتا ہے جس سے عمارت کا بالائی حصہ زلزلے کی شدت سے محفوظ رہتا ہے۔

جاپان کے تعمیراتی ماہرین اور انجینئرز اس ٹیکنالوجی کو ایک درجہ اور آگے لے جا چکے ہیں جس کے تحت عمارت عملی طور پر ہوا میں تیرتی ہے۔ جاپانی ٹیکنالوجی کے تحت عمارت کی بنیاد تعمیر ہونے کے بعد اس پر ہوا سے بھرا کُشن رکھا جاتا ہے۔ یہ کُشن سینسرز کے نظام کے ساتھ جڑا ہوتا ہے۔ زلزلے کی صورت میں سینسرز کا نظام حرکت میں آتے ہوئے ایئرکمپریسر تک معلومات پہنچاتا ہے۔ ایئرکمپریسر عمارت کے بالائی حصے کو 3 سینٹی میٹر بلندی پر لے جاتا ہے اور زلزلہ ختم ہونے کے بعد عمارت واپس اپنی جگہ پر آجاتی ہے اوراس طرح وہ عمارت زلزلے کی شدت سے محفوظ رہتی ہے۔

زلزلے کے جھٹکے کی شدت کو زائل بھی کیا جا سکتا ہے مگر کیسے؟

جس طرح کسی بھی گاڑی میں شاک ایبزاربرز اس کے اسپرنگ کی غیر ضروری حرکت کو کُشن فراہم کرتے ہیں ویسے ہی عمارتوں میں بھی ان سے یہی کام لیا جاتا ہے۔ اس مقصد کے لیے عمارت کی ہر منزل پر ’شاک ایبزاربرز‘ نصب کیے جاتے ہیں جس کا ایک سرا ستون اور دوسرا سرا بیم کے ساتھ جوڑا جاتا ہے۔ ہر شاک ایبزاربر ایک پِسٹن ہیڈ پر مشتمل ہوتا ہے جو سیلیکون آئل سے بھرے سلنڈر کے اندر حرکت کرتا ہے۔ جب زلزلہ عمارت کے ساتھ ٹکراتا ہے تو شاک ایبزاربر کا پسٹن سیلیکون آئل پر دباؤ ڈالتا ہے اور زلزلے کی توانائی مکینیکل توانائی میں تبدیل ہوکر گرمی پیدا کرتی ہے اور اس طرح عمارت کا ڈھانچہ زلزلے کی شدت سے محفوظ رہتا ہے۔

دھات سے بنی دیومت گیند عمارت کا توازن کیسے برقرار رکھ سکتی ہے

یہ ٹیکنالوجی بھی شاک ایبزاربر سے ملتی جلتی ہے۔ دھات سے بنی دیومت گیند جیسے پینڈولم بھی کہا جاتا ہے کے تحت عمارت کے تمام ڈھانچے کا وزن اس کی چوٹی پر مرتکز کردیا جاتا ہے۔ عمارت کی چوٹی پر اس ڈھانچے کو اسٹیل کیبل کے ذریعے توازن فراہم کیا جاتا ہے۔ عمارت کے ڈھانچے اور اسٹیل کیبل کے درمیان مائع نما گاڑھا مادہ بھرا جاتا ہے۔ جب اس عمارت سے زلزلہ ٹکراتا ہے تو پینڈولم اسی قوت کے ساتھ مخالف سمت میں زور لگاتا ہے اور عمارت کو توازن فراہم کرتا ہے۔

ری انفورسڈ کنکریٹ کا عمارت کو زلزلے کی شدت سے محفوظ رکھنے میں کردار

جدید عمارتوں میں زلزلے سے محفوظ رہنے کے لیے یہ ایک نسبتاً کم لاگت جدید ٹیکنالوجی ہے۔ اس نظام کے تحت ری انفورسڈ کنکریٹ کا ایک ڈھانچہ عمارت کے مرکزی حصے میں ایلیویٹر یا لفٹ کے چاروں اطراف لگایا جاتا ہے۔ تاہم یہ ٹیکنالوجی اس وقت بہترین نتائج دیتی ہے جب اس کی بنیاد کو عمارت سے جدا رکھا جائے۔ بنیاد کو علیحدہ رکھنے کے لیے اس میں ایلاسٹیو میٹرک بیئرنگز لگائے جاتے ہیں۔ کنکریٹ کا ڈھانچہ تہوں پر مشتمل ہوتا ہے۔ اس کی ایک تہہ اسٹیل اور دوسری تہہ قدرتی ربر یا ایک مصنوعی کیمیاوی مرکب  نیوپرین پر مشتمل ہوتی ہے۔ اس طرح کے تعمیراتی ڈھانچے کے دو فائدے ہوتے ہیں۔ عمودی طور پر یہ انتہائی مضبوط ڈھانچہ ہوتا ہے جبکہ افقی طور پر یہ لچکدار رہتا ہے۔ یہ عمارتوں کوزلزلے سے محفوظ رکھنے کی ایک کم لاگت انتہائی مؤثر اور نسبتاً سادہ ٹیکنالوجی ہے جو دنیا بھر میں تیزی سے مقبول ہورہی ہے۔

مزید خبروں اور اپڈیٹس کے لیے وزٹ کیجئے گرانہ بلاگ۔




[ad_2]