How to Make Hand Sanitizer at Home?


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Coronavirus has been spread across the globe and disrupted our daily lives for more than a year now. It is indeed a very dangerous virus that is causing destruction all over the world. But with certain preventive and safety measures, it is possible to curb the adverse effects of the virus.

One of the easiest ways to save yourself from the deadly virus is by washing your hands regularly. The best way to clean your hands from the virus is through the use of hand sanitizer. Due to the recent global pandemic, the demand for hand sanitizers is increasing by leaps and bounds. 

However, it must be mentioned here that a normal household in Pakistan cannot afford hand sanitizers due to their increasing prices. A small bottle may cost up to Rs.150 and lasts around 2 weeks. A household of 4 people will have to spend a lot of money every month on store-bought sanitizers. 

But do not worry. You can also make hand sanitizer at home. 

In this blog, we bring you methods by which you can make your very own hand sanitizers at home. The best part about these hand sanitizers is that they are equally effective and very affordable. All the ingredients used in DIY hand sanitizers are readily available at home. 

To know how to make homemade hand sanitizer, keep on reading.

What is a Hand Sanitizer?

Hand sanitizer is an agent applied to the hands to remove common pathogens (disease-causing organisms). Research studies have shown that the use of hand sanitizer helps in mitigating the spread of the virus. Also, hand sanitizer works as a good alternative for normal soap and water.

How to Make Hand Sanitizer at Home?

To make the hand sanitizer at home, you will need the following ingredients:

  • 1 part aloe vera gel. (You can also use glycerin if you do not have aloe vera gel at home)
  • 2 part isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol) with a concentration of 91%
  • Essential oil, such as lemon or lavender (this is an optional step that you can leave. Essential oil is used for a good scent) 
  • Clean containers for mixing and an air-tight container for storage
  • Spoon or whisk for mixing
  • Gloves. 

Steps to Make Hand Sanitizer at Home

  1. Once you have all the ingredients at hand, it is time to mix them. Follow these steps to prepare the hand sanitizer.
  2. First of all, combine aloe vera gel or glycerin with the isopropyl alcohol in a clean container. Use measuring spoons to get the exact amount of the ingredient. To prepare one cup of hand sanitizer, you need to combine ⅓ cup of gel or glycerin with ⅔ cup of rubbing alcohol. To ensure a smooth consistency of the liquid, take a spoon or whisk and mix the ingredients well. 
  3. Add in a few drops of essential oil to give the mixture a refreshing smell. 
  4. Store the mixture in an airtight container and make sure it remains at room temperature. The hand sanitizer contains a high percentage of alcohol which evaporates over time. An airtight container will ensure that the hand sanitizer remains effective for a longer duration of time. 

Cost of Making Hand Sanitizer at Home

You can easily get aloe vera gel from any pharmacy. It is very cheap and cost around Rs.150. You can also use fresh aloe vera gel which you can get for a lesser price. Also, you can plant aloe vera in your house and use gel for the sanitizer. 

Rubbing alcohol or isopropyl alcohol is also very cheap. You can easily get 250 ml of rubbing alcohol for around Rs.100. 

If you want to cut the costs, skip the essential oils. If you want to add essential oil, get the essential oil from any online store. The prices usually start from Rs.100. 

Hence, for Rs.350, you can make small sanitizer bottles for your whole family and they work exactly like store-bought sanitizers. 

How to Use Hand Sanitizer?

Take a small amount of hand sanitizer in your palm and apply it all over your hands including the backsides of your hands. Continue rubbing for 30 to 60 seconds or until your hands are dry. It can take at least 60 seconds, and sometimes longer, for hand sanitizer to kill most germs. Make sure that before the application of sanitizer, your hands are not dirty or greasy. 

Warning:

Yes, it is very easy to make hand sanitizer at home but make sure you handle the ingredients with great care. The rubbing alcohol used in the sanitizer must be handled with special care. 

It catches fire very easily and high concentrations of alcohol can also damage the skin and cause severe dryness. Make sure you stick to the 2:1 proportion to keep the alcohol content around 60%. Also, make sure you are wearing gloves while mixing the ingredients. 

Things to Consider While Using Hand Sanitizer

  • Keep in your mind that hand sanitizer does not kill germs. It removes the germs from your skin. So, if your hands are not clean, the sanitizer might not work properly. Make sure you wash your hands and your hands are cleaned before the application of hand sanitizer. 
  • Hand sanitizers come in different concentrations. A hand sanitizer with an alcohol percentage less than 60% is not effective and does not help you to get rid of germs and viruses. 

Pros and Cons of Hand Sanitizer

Like every other virus-fighting medium, hand sanitizers also come with certain pros and cons. 

Pros: 

  • Most importantly, hand sanitizers remove germs. They contain alcohol which is an excellent medium and used to kill bacteria and viruses for a long time. 
  • Hand sanitizers have high accessibility. Like traditional soap, it does not require water for its application. A small bottle will help you clean your hands anywhere. Also, it is highly convenient.  Keep one with you at all times and use it regularly.
  • Unlike hand soaps, hand sanitizers are long-lasting. They usually come with 2 to 3 years of shelf life and they last long as well. 
  • Hand sanitizer is a medium that stops the indirect transmission of viruses and bacteria. For instance, in a hospital setting, a hand sanitizer will prevent the transmission of bacteria and viruses from one person to another person. 

Cons: 

  • Some brands use less than 60% of alcohol which is not effective at all. Even if you are using a hand sanitizer but the alcohol content is low, it is of no use because it will not reduce the germs and virus from you. 
  • Hand sanitizer may be effective against germs, but it is not as effective as soap and water when needing to remove any bodily fluids, grease, dirt, or blood from hands. 
  • As mentioned earlier, hand sanitizers contain alcohol that dries the skin. Apart from dryness, it also damages the outer layers of the skin which may lead to cracks, cuts, sores, etc. moreover, alcohol kills useful bacteria from our body too. 

So, these are some of the crucial information about hand sanitizers that everyone should know. Make this hand sanitizer at home and let us know what you think of it. Also, during the pandemic, stay indoors and maintain social distancing. Keep yourself and your family members safe and secure. 

If you have any questions or queries, leave us a message in the comment section below and we will be more than happy to answer your questions.

Until then,

Stay safe!




Best Ramzan Home Decoration Ideas in 2021

Best Ramzan Home Decoration Ideas in 2021

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In the holy month of Ramzan, as we focus on our connection with God, we cannot neglect our adobe. The spirit of Ramzan is manifested in charity, forgiveness, prayer and celebrations with family. Loved ones are invited to our homes and quality time is spent in our living spaces. The coming together of family coupled with the spirit of Ramzan makes it a memorable time of the year. 

People have numerous memories attached to it. Maybe it’s your first Ramzan after wedding, your child’s first roza, your father’s first Ramzan after coming from off-station or your first Ramzan in your new home, it is a special occasion that will stay with you forever. To get into the Ramzan feels, organise your home and decorate it with things you like to mark this occasion. 

Graana.com highlights several ways you can decorate your home in Ramzan. 

Spice up your living room 

Where do you have your iftar or suhoor? Or which place in your house receives the most traffic? Ideally, the living room or the lounge is a favourite spot during Ramzan where all family members enjoy quality time. It is best to start your Ramzan decor with the living room

Put out a Ramzan banner on a wall to make the space feel a bit festive. Add a few Ramzan themed lanterns near the sofa or fireplace to add that cosiness. If you have time on your hands or want a Ramzan activity with your kids, you can make paper lanterns and display them on the dining table or the console table. This will really transform your living area and mould it according to the Ramzan theme. 

Ramzan Corner 

Ramzan is usually associated with working on one’s relationship with their creator. Every year this month people vow to take measures to improve that relationship. Every person has different goals. 

It is important to create a separate corner for Ramzan to inspire you to achieve your goals. It will remind you of the promises you made with yourself at the beginning of the month. You can simply lay down the prayer mat and place the Holy Book on a table for easy access. You can even make a list of all the education videos or verses you have to listen to and set it up in the room on a TV or laptop for your ease. 

Eid Countdown 

Different people attach different meanings to the month of Ramzan. For some it is the month of worship while for others it is the month of charity. Some may even consider it a month of building family relationships.  

One way to achieve your Ramzan goals is through setting up an Eid Countdown. Not only will help you track the number of fasts but it will also tell you the number of fasts left till Eid

The Eid Countdown planner will help you keep track of your religious goals. It will aid in the documentation of the number of verses you have to cover within a day and then help keep track of your successful tasks. 

This countdown can further provide you with an opportunity to get creative. It is also a good opportunity to get crafty with your kids and create a fun countdown calendar. 

Put up Ramadan Ornaments 

A good way to prepare your house for any occasion is to take out a few ornaments and put them on display. You don’t have to purchase new ornaments and can easily re-purpose or reorganise your home to create a fresh ambience. 

Ramzan neon signs or marquee lighted letters are an excellent choice to get into that festive mood. They are attention grabbing and putting them in a spotlight can really change the mood of the place. Together with some stars and lanterns, the whole look is going to be inviting 

Create Ramzan Traditions 

What is that childhood tradition that you are fond of? What kind of feelings does it invoke? Does the memory of it involve friends and family? Ramzan is a great opportunity to create new traditions with your loved ones to be repeated every year as means to connect with your special ones. 

The options are plenty. It can be as simple as making a dish every weekend with your family members or visiting the mosque with your friends followed by a cricket match. If you are thinking of doing something with your kids, you can visit an orphanage every weekend to connect with the kids or you can arrange food drives for the needy. If you want to do something within the confines of your home, then you can decorate the Eidi Envelopes or make cards for Eid party celebrations. Either way, you can get as creative as you want! 


Green Home Renovation


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The drive for better living standards is inherited in every person. Across the globe, people allocate budgets for improving their dwellings and to experience a healthy, and comfortable lifestyle. People in compliance with the new trends also update their modes of living so that they do not miss on experiencing a new aspect of comfort and quality living. In this backdrop, the concept of ‘green home renovation’ or ‘green home remodelling’ is gaining momentum which is about remodelling houses in a manner which is following sustainable development. Similarly, the idea of green home renovation is also an extension of achieving Goal 11 of Sustainable Development Goal (SDGs) which is related to Sustainable Cities and Communities.  

Graana.com through this blog explains the concept of ‘green home renovation’ and also how a home can be remodelled by incorporating sustainable measures.

 

What is ‘Green Home Renovation’?

The way we live defines us and our surroundings, the current patterns and statistics show that our lifestyles are missing an important aspect of resource efficiency, and environment-friendly practices which may not seem significant at this moment but will have serious consequences shortly. The earlier statement can be highlighted by the fact that the housing sector consumes 40pc of the earth’s total resources.

In this backdrop, the concept of green home renovation is an effort at the micro-level to revamp the existing homes in such a manner that they promote efficiency, eradicate the practices that harm the climate, and incorporate new measures which have a positive impact on health and neighbourhoods. Therefore, the concept of ‘Green home renovation’ pertains to introducing new changes to the existing homes which promote resource efficiency, improve the indoor air quality, and also relates to introducing green construction materials.

The benefits of green home renovation are multi-faceted ranging from better management of finances to ecological advantages. Moreover, the advantages of green home renovation also have a positive impact on the health of residents since the concept is about introducing new concepts which can either relate to the improvement of air quality along with eradicating biological contaminants. In a broader sense, the idea is also a precursor to the development of sustainable communities whose features include a healthy environment and good quality of living for all. Sustainable communities refer to the concept of developing a cycle in which the social, economic development of the community is at the forefront while also keeping in mind the environmental aspect.

Following are the different ways in which green home renovation can be done.

 

Using recycled materials

Conservation of natural resources is at the core of green home renovation and it has been observed that people while renovating their homes tend to demolish the structures and rebuild the homes from the beginning. In such a scenario most of the waste is sent to landfills which becomes a major reason behind land pollution. There are various techniques for salvaging or recycling construction materials that can be reused for revamping the homes.

There are various recycled materials present in the market which can conserve the usage of natural resources for example flying ash bricks are replacing the traditional bricks in the construction process. These bricks are sustainable and have a very low impact on the environment. Similarly, reclaimed lumber can also be used inside homes in the form of furniture, and also for strengthening structures of homes.

 

Focus on appliances

People tend to pay a minimal focus on the appliances while renovating their homes. Under the umbrella of green home renovation, energy-efficient appliances have an important place. Since most of the energy consumed by homes is dependent on the energy produced by fossil fuels, therefore, home appliances indirectly become a major source of energy consumption and also an increasing carbon footprint. Similarly, energy-efficient appliances responsible for heating and cooling also consume high energy thus, they should also be managed efficiently or either be connected with renewable energy sources. It is estimated that lighting contributes to the 4pc of total energy consumption in homes, focus on Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) under green home renovation can ensure energy-saving and also reduced utility bills.

 

Revamping indoors

Another important aspect of green home renovation is revamping indoors. Kitchens if not maintained properly can prove to be a hotspot of various diseases moreover, it can overshadow the beauty of the homes. Some common features that pertain to the renovation of the kitchen include power-saving or energy-efficient appliances similarly, water-saving measures are also a major part of green home renovation. Various homes have installed water treatment plants inside homes which recycles the water for future use. Furthermore, rainwater collection systems can also be made part of the green home renovation.

 

Going Solar

As mentioned earlier, the housing industry is one of the major sources that contribute to the carbon footprint. As a result, urban centres experience high temperatures and other contaminants that hamper the environment of cities. Hence on a household level, the installation of renewable energy sources in the form of solar panels can make a positive contribution to society as a whole.

 

Improving Indoor Air Quality

Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) and health have a direct relationship with each other. Most of the time, the aspect of IAQ is neglected which can pose serious issues for respiration. Therefore, under green home renovation, measures about improving indoor air quality are at the core which can be either through plant-based indoor air purification, by installing air purifiers, or by channelising the outdoor air using a proper ventilation system. Another aspect that can improve the IAQ is by using environment-friendly materials in the buildings.