Importance of smart buildings for a sustainable city

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This year has been pivotal in the battle against climate change. Many countries globally are setting up targets for carbon reduction and creating environmentally-friendly spaces for their residents. In contrast, urbanisation keeps growing and cities are getting more and more occupied in Pakistan. We also need to devise and employ strategies to reduce emissions in towns, cities and the country as a whole, along with saving energy and accelerating our transition process to renewable energy.  

With cities and buildings accounting for 65 percent of worldwide energy use, smart city expansion is viewed as a critical approach to address the climate crisis. A contemporary city requires sophisticated data, people, and technology to build inclusive and sustainable solutions.

As a result, smart buildings are increasingly playing a leading role in the development of smart cities. They are widely recognised as critical tools for addressing the many challenges we face today and in the future, such as accomplishing net-zero objectives, ensuring security, and meeting the demand for greater interoperability.

Smart buildings are sweeping the sector with the emergence of new and enhanced technology by using the Internet of Things (IoT) to share data, control processes, and improve human contact. While these breakthroughs are exciting, they also promise well for long-term sustainability.

As a result, today’s buildings are critical for the evolution of smart cities – indeed sustainable cities, have cleaner transportation, optimise resources such as water and energy, and have more intelligent buildings and infrastructures that serve essential human needs like security, comfort, and connectivity. Finally, by constructing smart structures, we improve our cities’ liveability, workability, and sustainability.

By using smart building technology, buildings and residences can consume energy more effectively. Because facilities are complex systems involving air, water, and power, smart sensors and IoT-based solutions can guarantee that these resources are delivered safely and efficiently. However, it is not just about implementing new technologies; smart thinking and the optimisation of existing structures are also crucial in driving smart cities’ worldwide development.

Graana.com discusses the importance of smart buildings for a sustainable city.

 

Energy Consumption

Smart buildings are a critical component of a future in which cities are secure, smart, and sustainable, and building owners can capture and control their energy consumption. We all know that buildings use a lot of energy to keep running. Unfortunately, the more energy required, the environmental damage is caused. Most of the time, more resources are provided than are needed. This is not just inefficient but also unethical. Smart buildings, fortunately, provide a potential response to rising energy demands.

Smart buildings are fitted with cutting-edge technology that makes it easier to track how much energy is consumed. These smart devices do not necessitate human intervention and can operate on their own. Human error, on the other hand, does not consume energy resources. Hence, smart buildings allow for energy conservation and increased efficiency.

 

Malfunction Detection

Malfunctions are identified immediately in smart buildings, which makes it easier to deal with them. Today, battery management systems excel at detecting hazards. Furthermore, these systems require little human participation.

With smart buildings, malfunctions are detected right away. As a result, it’s easier to address issues and, in turn, return to business as usual. Battery management systems, in particular, do an excellent job of identifying and targeting threats. What’s more, these systems detect issues on their own, meaning minimal human intervention is needed.

 

Collect Data

With IoT devices, gathering data on products and services is simple. Sensors can be installed in a variety of products, from heating systems to ventilation equipment. As a result, if you need to obtain information on machines, you won’t have any problems. You can use current implementations to alter your processes if you determine that a component is overworked or underused. The days of scant systems and poor solutions are over with such innovative technology.

 

Sustainability

Focusing on IoT power usage keeps us informed about ongoing setbacks, issue areas, and practical solutions. We can lower our carbon footprint, promote sustainability, and promote eco-friendly alternatives with this knowledge. An occupancy sensor can help to reduce carbon dioxide levels in a space. When this sensor detects a decrease in movement, it sends a signal to the building management system, instructing it to turn off the heating, ventilation, and lighting systems. When people return, these systems revert to regular operation, ensuring a safe and comfortable workplace. This type of software saves both energy and money. Fewer emissions are produced, more eco-conscious solutions are deployed, and more corporations are building well-oiled procedures as more organisations embrace these changes. Smart buildings are gaining popularity due to these advantages.

Smart cities are the way of the future. Smart cities will begin to take shape from the home and office to transportation and utilities. Smart buildings brought together by advances in IoT, and AI will develop a new smart society ecosystem that is increasingly interlinked and efficient. It will allow living a comfortable life while safeguarding the planet for future generations. Intelligent smart buildings with features, which could not be imagined just a few decades ago, are now a reality and will be critical to the growth of sustainable smart cities.




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Developing the World’s Largest Riverfront City – Ravi Urban Development Project

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Introduction

Located on the outskirts of Lahore, the Ravi Riverfront Urban Development Project aims to develop the world’s largest riverfront city in Pakistan. The project, envisioned at the time of the country’s independence in 1947, was only seriously considered by the Government of Punjab 66 years later in 2013. The project aims to rehabilitate and develop the dying River Ravi into a perennial freshwater body, with high-quality waterfront urban development on the reclaimed and adjoining land. In August 2020, the Prime Minister of Pakistan also launched the Ravi Urban Development Authority that will overlook the entire process as the project is worth more than Rs. 5 trillion in value. Continue reading to understand the project’s objectives along with its timeline and impact on the people of Lahore and the real estate sector.

 

Lahore Urban Challenges

As rapid urbanisation occurred due to rising rural to urban migrations and population growth, people poured into cities to seek better opportunities. Lahore was no exception to this. The population of Lahore increased from 3.9 million in 1990 to 13 million in 2021 (Khan, 2021). This massive influx in the city’s population has caused a strain on natural resources and the environment while also resulting in the deterioration of the general living standards of the city’s residents. For instance, the city’s groundwater reserves are depleting at an annual rate of 1 meter. In winters, the city is covered with the smog that disrupts transport and endangers the lives of millions with poor air quality. Moreover, many industrial settlements have polluted the water sources with heavy metals, municipal waste, and industrial sewage. Realising the challenges of overpopulation and falling living standards in Lahore, the Ravi Urban Development Authority (RUDA) was formed in 2020 to overlook the formation of a well-planned city along the Ravi riverfront to release the mounting pressure on Lahore. It is a great step towards a clean, green, and secure future. Continue reading to get further insights on the game-changing project.

 

Ravi Urban Development Project as a Game-Changer

The Ravi Urban Development Project consists of developments on more than 100 acres of land, which will be converted into a state-of-the-art master-planned city in 6 decades. The project poses enormous environmental benefits and economic opportunities for local and overseas investors. It will be completed in three phases. The Ravi River will be cleaned in the first phase, and water filtration plants will be established to revive the river from heavy pollution and industrial waste contaminants. Groundwater will be replenished by establishing a 46 km long lake, which will help the earth absorb up to 1 billion litres of water daily. The lake will also provide 2 billion litres of clean water to Lahore city, fulfilling 50 per cent of the city’s water demand. An urban forest will also be set up during this phase of the project to ensure that all future developments in infrastructure do not have a tremendous environmental impact. The second phase will focus on roads and infrastructure developments, while the third phase will be geared towards setting up education, health, commercial innovation, government, and sports facilities (Randhawa, 2021).

Perhaps the most exciting part of the project is the green and sustainable nature of the entire initiative. Well, though-out urban forestry has also been made part of the project. Under this project, existing forests will be preserved while establishing a 100-acre knowledge park that will host several universities, making it a hub of knowledge and research. It is planned that more than 6 million trees will be planted in the city besides eco-ponds, wetlands, wildlife sanctuaries, theme parks, botanical gardens, and algae ponds. Therefore, it can be understood why the project is a welcome proposition for the local and overseas investors in the real estate sector. Nearly five thousand small and medium businesses will be established throughout the development. The Ravi Urban Development Authority will also provide an ecosystem for technological and media businesses to promote the project’s benefits locally and globally. The development of high-rise buildings consisting of more than 18,000 units will also boost the construction sector, creating thousands of job opportunities in more than 40 allied sectors (DailyTimes, 2021).

 

The Potential of Investing in the Ravi Urban Development Project

Pakistan’s prime minister has frequently emphasized the construction sector’s role in uplifting the country’s economy. The Ravi Urban Development Project will give new life to the construction industry and the economy, so the government has announced multiple incentives for the construction sector to facilitate capital flow, tax reductions, financing facilities, and simplification of relevant laws. In the future, the project will generate over 250 billion rupees in revenue, creating more than 260,000 jobs. Upon successful completion, it can be used as a model for other cities, such as Karachi, Gujarat, Jhelum, and Khushab. Consequently, it is anticipated that the project will bring much needed foreign direct investments and local industrial growth for the economy of Pakistan, revitalizing the real estate sector.

 

Conclusion

With the challenges associated with rapid urbanisation rising in Lahore, such as overpopulation and deteriorating living standards, the Government of Punjab decided in August 2020 to launch the Ravi Urban Development Project. The project aims to develop a state-of-the-art planned city along the Ravi Riverfront. The project is planned to complete in three phases. The first phase will focus on cleaning the river from all pollutants and establishing a nature park. The second and third phases are focused on infrastructural developments. The project will provide a much-needed boost to the construction sector of Pakistan, along with generating jobs and revenue from 40 allied industries. The project can be a great opportunity for local and overseas investors and can prove to be a game-changer for the economy of Pakistan.

 




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Graana.com, Atomcamp launch 2-Day Certification in Hospitality & Tourism Management – Gilgit city

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Graana.com, in collaboration with Atomcamp, launch the 2 Day Certification in Hospitality & Tourism Management – Gilgit city,  designed specifically for the youth of Gilgit-Baltistan.

“This hospitality training is part of Atomcamp and Graana’s initiative to train 1000 professionals in Gilgit Baltistan to participate in the creative economy. Other training programs are in the areas of digital skills, art, science and coding boot camps for children and intangible cultural heritage,” said Cofounder ATomcamp Dr. Naveed Iftikhar.

Expressing his delight on this initiative, Chairman Imarat Group and CEO Graana.com Mr. Shafiq Akbar commented, “Every effort made to promote hotel and tourism industry, especially through educational courses like the certification by Atomcamp, is a much-needed quantum leap that not only fills the existing gap but will improve the image of hotel and tourism industries of Pakistan, internationally,”

This initiative signifies a promising outlook of Pakistan’s flourishing tourism industry, as the training aims to fill the existing gap. These developments, in turn, highlights a positive indicator of our economy as a whole,” said Group Director Mr. Farhan Javed while lauding the initiative.

As Graana.com’s third academic collaboration to promote formal education, this course amalgams both theory and practical studies to provides a learning experience by closely examining technological and management matters related to Pakistan’s hospitality and tourism industry.

The certification course, divided into four modules, will train the participants on; 

  1. Restaurant Management 
  2. Tour Operations Management
  3. Hotel Management
  4. Digital Marketing

 

The certification aims to train participants to find extensive acceptance in the job market and open the doors to pursue their businesses bringing innovation in this sector.




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LDA City: Third round of balloting to be held on 4th September

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LAHORE: Lahore Development Authority (LDA) is going to hold the third round of computerized balloting on the 4th of September.

According to the details, the LDA will include only those files that will be included in the balloting which has been issued an exemption letter by the civic authority.

The information was disclosed by Additional Director General (Urban Planning) Rana Tikka Khan in a meeting of the LDA City Supervisory Committee.

LDA City is going to offer affordable housing units to people with low incomes.

 

For news and blogs, visit Graana.com.




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Development work on Pakistan’s first digital city to start soon

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HARIPUR: In a bid to reform the urban landscape and incorporate technology in urban planning, the development work on Pakistan’s first digital city in Haripur will start soon.

Atif Khan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’s provincial minister on Information and Technology informed in a tweet informed regarding the approval of digital city.

The project is carried by Information Technology Board, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Department of Science and Technology and Information Technology, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

As per the media reports, the digital city create 35,000 job opportunities for the locals.

The city is going to be spread over 160kanals in Haripur, local and international companies will be encouraged to invest in the project by offering incentives.

 

For news and blogs, visit Graana.com.




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Types of Urban Structures in City Planning

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We often wonder about the layout of a city whilst travelling across it and viewing the passing commercial areas and residential neighbourhoods. We wonder if there is any particular model it follows or planned haphazardly as different land uses emerge.

Today, Graana.com will introduce you to the three main models of city structures so you can always map them out in your mind. 

 

What is an Urban Structure?

The urban structure is an outlay or arrangement of a city as a result of a land-use plan. In other words, it is the outcome of the land-use plan designated for a city. It pinpoints the location of business centres, residential areas, hospitals, and other structures within a city.

The urban structure also denotes the amount of required land and its consequent uses. There is an intrinsic interrelationship and dependency between urban structure and the land use of a city. If a city’s government changes its land use, the urban structure would also have to be changed.

There are multiple elements that urban structure covers, such as the associated land use, city typology, transportation plan, residential units, city growth pattern, commerce and industry, business centres, geographic constraints, and livelihood patterns.

 

The Three Models of Urban Structure

Urban models are particular arrangements of a city’s structure that plan out where the city’s residential areas and business centres will be situated and at what distance.

 

Burgess Concentric Zone Model

Ernest Burgess was the first person to introduce the burgess concentric zone model in 1923. It is one of the earliest urban models that formed part of urban planning studies. In this model, the city is shaped in consecutive concentric rings, or circles, or zones with a business centre in the middle. So, if you were to zoom out on a zonal city’s map, it would look like a bullseye. Burgess explained that the citizens’ socio-economic status depends on their distance from the central business district (CBD), which is present at the centre of the bullseye.

Ernest introduced five zones in this structure as follows;

a) Zone 1: This denotes the city’s business centre where most businesses, companies, and skyscrapers are located.

b) Zone 2: It is located right outside the previous zone and is marked with factories and manufacturing plants. Hence, most of the city’s goods are manufactured here. Together with zone one, this zone employs the significant workforce of the city.

c) Zone 3: This zone is a neighbourhood of the working class encircling zone two. The majority of the workers live in apartment buildings.

d) Zone 4: This neighbourhood is associated with the middle-class. Therefore, the zone is marked mostly with modest houses instead of apartments.

e) Zone 5: The outermost zone is an upper-class neighbourhood comprising the wealthiest areas with luxurious houses and facilities.

Example: Chicago city, which Burgess studied to formulate the zonal model.

 

Hoyt’s Sectoral Model

Homer Hoyt developed the sectoral model in 1939 as a follow-up on the concentric model. Hoyt studied that the city expanded not in a concentric fashion but in a sectoral manner. The growth patterns in the cities follow wedge-like patterns that extend from CBDs and the relative distance with the major routes of transportation in the city. More of the population is situated near highways and railroads. y. Hence, CBDs are not the only determining factor. It is the transportation flow that determines the crowds.

As a result, the growth is outward in wedges extending beyond the concentric model’s bullseye. It’s also associated with Strip or Ribbon Development. Along with the wedges, the residential units and commercial activities will mushroom. Lower-income households are also present that skirt the commercial areas

Example: Islamabad, Karachi, and Amsterdam are some examples of the sectoral model.

 

Multiple Nuclei Model

As the title suggests, the multiple nuclei model consists of multiple nodules with one CBD at the centre of each. The greater the growth of the city, the more nuclei would emerge. The nuclei stand for small CBD around which other land-use arrangements align. The model was proposed by Edward Ullman and Chauncy Harris, who observed that not all cities fit the centric or sectoral model. Instead, cities consist of multiple regional centres.

The main factor for such nucleic growth is the ease of transportation. More significant movement in the city enables various regional centres to become specialised with their business centres, residential units, heavy industry, etc.  Like in the sectoral model, manufacturing and wholesaling activities are also located near main transportation channels. The heavy industry is located on the outskirts marked by low-income households. Overall, each nucleus attracts population from the surroundings, grows in size with time, and impacts the surrounding land’s value and the mushrooming of commercial and business activities.

Example: Los Angeles and Bahawalpur in Pakistan are some examples. 

 

Islamabad – A Sectoral City

Islamabad is a sectoral city with five zones and multiple sectors identified by alphabets like I, H, G, E, D, etc. There are four different sub-sectors within each industry, at the centre of which is “Markaz ” aka business centres. However, in this sectoral city, the land use planning has largely avoided housing planning for the low-income groups, the by-product of which is “out-of-the-plan” settlements – slums and squatter settlements. Moreover, if you look at Islamabad’s growth pattern, there is a more comparative increase in population and housing near the main Srinagar Highway and main urban road. Therefore, city planners need to assess the needs of a city properly to apply the best urban structure model for the city. 

 

 




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Graana.com collaborates with Atomcamp for Certification in Hospitality & Tourism Management – Gilgit city

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Being a strong supporter of the Hospitality & Tourism sector in the country, Graana.com is proud to announce its collaboration with Atomcamp for Certification in Hospitality and Tourism Management – Gilgit city.

The course, set to commence from September 5, 2021, is a two-day training for a Certification in Hospitality and Tourism Management, designed specifically for the youth of Gilgit-Baltistan by Atomcamp. The training will take place in the Software Technology Park in Konodas, Gilgit.

The training is divided into four modules;

 

Restaurant Management

Under this module, the participants will be briefed on aesthetics, hygiene, cultural food and commercial awareness.

 

Tour Operations Management

This module will focus on destination marketing, ticketing, itinerary building and guest management.

 

Hotel Management

Module 3 is an amalgamation of maintenance, client management, guest care, and professional communication.

 

Digital Marketing

The module will brief the participants on video editing, vlogging, content creation, photography, and social media marketing.

 

How to Apply?

The register for the two-day certification, starting from Sept 5, enrol at Certification in Hospitality & Tourism Management – Gilgit city.

Those looking to apply will be asked to fill out personal details and submit information. The participant fee for the certification course is Rs. 500.

 

About the Course

The course participants will be trained to find extensive acceptance in the job market and open the doors to pursue their businesses bringing innovation in this sector.

 

Graana.com

This is Graana.com’s third academic collaboration to promote formal education.

An amalgamation of both theory and practical studies, the certification provides a learning experience by closely examining technological and management matters related to Pakistan’s hospitality and tourism industry.

Graana.com has previously collaborated with the National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST) to introduce Certification in Real Estate Science – Level 1.

And the University of Central Punjab (UCP) to launch Pakistan’s first Bachelors in Real Estate Management




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Work on Allama Iqbal industrial city underway

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ISLAMABAD: Razak Dawood, Adviser to Prime Minister on Commerce while visiting the Faisalabad Industrial Estate Development and Management Company (FIEDMC) evaluated the ongoing progress of Allama Iqbal Industrial City.

On the visit, the adviser was briefed by Chairman FIEDMC that the development work on Allama Iqbal Industrial City is expediting as per the directives of Prime Minister (PM), Imran Khan.

The chairman also informed that basic facilities have already been provided for the establishment of industrial units whereas 20 industrial units have already started manufacturing.

Furthermore, the chairman also believed that foreign and local investors will be assisted through one windows operation.




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